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  1. A woman with a history of GDM has at least seven-fold increased lifetime risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), compared to women who have normoglycemic pregnancies. Postpartum lifestyle modificat...

    Authors: Kailin Teh, Imm Pin Quek and Wern Ee Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:612

    Content type: Research

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  2. We aimed to appraise the impact of the changing national childbirth policy since 2002, currently allowing two children per family, on obstetric workload in a regional referral center in China.

    Authors: Min Xie, Terence T Lao, Junnan Ma, Tianying Zhu, Dajin Liu, Shengnan Yu, Mingyu Du, Qian Sun and Runmei Ma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:610

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Babies born early and/or small for gestational age in Low and Middle-income countries (LMICs) contribute substantially to global neonatal and infant mortality. Tracking this metric is critical at a population ...

    Authors: Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Rasheda Khanam, Imran Nisar, Elizabeth Jasper, Arup Dutta, Sayedur Rahman, Usma Mehmood, Bruce Bedell, Saikat Deb, Nabidul Haque Chowdhury, Amina Barkat, Harshita Mittal, Salahuddin Ahmed, Farah Khalid…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:609

    Content type: Research

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  4. Given the importance of screening pregnant women’s distress, it was intended to investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Tilburg Pregnancy Distress Scale (TPDS-P) for screening pre...

    Authors: Solmaz Pishahang, Sevil Hakimi, Solmaz Vatankhah, Saeideh Ghaffarifar and Fatemeh Ranjbar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:608

    Content type: Research

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  5. Maternal and child health services, like antenatal care, skilled birth attendance and postnatal care, are crucial to improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Numerous studies have been conducted on the d...

    Authors: Akif Mustafa and Chander Shekhar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:606

    Content type: Research

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  6. D-dimer and fibrinogen were verified to be altered in preeclampsia. This study was to evaluate the associations of D-dimer and fibrinogen plasma levels with postpartum hemorrhage or intrauterine growth restric...

    Authors: Hailing Shao, Shichu Gao, Dongru Dai, Xiaomin Zhao, Ying Hua and Huijun Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:605

    Content type: Research

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  7. Globally, over half of maternal deaths are related to pregnancy-related complications. Provision of a continuum of care during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period results in reduced maternal and neo...

    Authors: Quraish Sserwanja, Milton W. Musaba, Linet M. Mutisya, Emmanuel Olal and David Mukunya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:604

    Content type: Research

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  8. Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an immediate postpartum intervention known to improve the health of newborn and mothers alike. Albeit, there is paucity of data that explored the coverage or fa...

    Authors: Michael Ekholuenetale, Amadou Barrow, Faith Owunari Benebo and Ashibudike Francis Idebolo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:603

    Content type: Research

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  9. Valid and reliable measures such as London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) are imperative for understanding fertility-related behaviors and estimating unintended pregnancy. The aim of this study was to v...

    Authors: Sushmita Das, Jennifer Hall, Geraldine Barrett, David Osrin, Shaili Kapadia and Anuja Jayaraman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:602

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In Haiti where there are high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality, efforts to reduce mortality and improve maternal newborn child health (MNCH) must be tracked and monitored to measure their success. At a...

    Authors: Tonya MacDonald, Olès Dorcely, Joycelyne E. Ewusie, Elizabeth K. Darling, Sandra Moll and Lawrence Mbuagbaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:601

    Content type: Research

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  11. Pregnancy and the first year after giving birth are marked by physiological and psychological changes. While it is well known that energy requirements change during this time, the question of how a woman’s die...

    Authors: Tanja Poulain, Ulrike Spielau, Mandy Vogel, Anne Dathan-Stumpf, Antje Körner and Wieland Kiess

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:600

    Content type: Research

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  12. Risk factors related to the built environment have been associated with women’s mental health and preventive care. This study sought to identify built environment factors that are associated with variations in...

    Authors: Yiye Zhang, Mohammad Tayarani, Shuojia Wang, Yifan Liu, Mohit Sharma, Rochelle Joly, Arindam RoyChoudhury, Alison Hermann, Oliver H. Gao and Jyotishman Pathak

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:599

    Content type: Research

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  13. Most of the unintended pregnancies that occur among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) end up in pregnancy termination. In this study, the socio-demographic determinants of pre...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:598

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Anxiety is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders among mothers during the postpartum period, which can lead to maternal and infant physical and psychological consequences. The Postpartum Specific A...

    Authors: Robab Hasanzadeh, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Shirin Hasanpour, Victoria Fallon, Sergio A. Silverio, Reyhane Montazeri and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:597

    Content type: Research

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  15. The vaginal microbiota (VMB) are the set of microorganisms residing in the human vagina. During pregnancy, their composition is Lactobacillus-dominant in most Caucasian women. Previous studies suggest that the VM...

    Authors: Naomi C. A. Juliana, Remco P. H. Peters, Salwan Al-Nasiry, Andries E. Budding, Servaas A. Morré and Elena Ambrosino

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:596

    Content type: Research

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  16. Qualitative research can reflect the actual thoughts and experience of research subjects and can be used to explore the experiences of women presenting with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) to facilita...

    Authors: Lijie Ren, Cancan Song, Chunling Xia, Nan Wang, Yan Yang and Shaowei Yin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:595

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Given the trend of increasing maternal age and associated adverse reproductive outcomes in the US, this study aimed to assess whether this association is due to an independent aging or confounded by sociodemog...

    Authors: Bolanle Olapeju, Xiumei Hong, Guoying Wang, Amber Summers, Irina Burd, Tina L. Cheng and Xiaobin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:594

    Content type: Research

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  18. As reported, 27-93 % of pregnant women take at least one drug during pregnancy. However, drug exposure during pregnancy still lacks sufficient foetal safety evidence of human origin. It is urgent to fill the k...

    Authors: Yangwen Zhou, Jing Tao, Ke Wang, Kui Deng, Yanping Wang, Jianxin Zhao, Chunyi Chen, Tingxuan Wu, Jiayuan Zhou, Jun Zhu and Xiaohong Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:593

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Postnatal care (PNC) service is a neglected yet an essential service that can reduce maternal, neonatal and infant morbidity and mortality rates in low and middle-income countries. In Malawi, maternal and infa...

    Authors: Jonas Sagawa, Allen Kabagenyi, Godwin Turyasingura and Saul Eric Mwale

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:591

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To examine disparities by maternal place of birth in the opportunity to make an informed choice about Down syndrome screening, in France, where the national guidelines recommend that physicians offer it to all...

    Authors: Olivia Anselem, Marie-Josèphe Saurel-Cubizolles, Babak Khoshnood, Béatrice Blondel, Priscille Sauvegrain, Nathalie Bertille and Elie Azria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:590

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Applying the Robson classification to all births in Brazil, the objectives of our study were to estimate the rates of caesarean section delivery, assess the extent to which caesarean sections were clinically i...

    Authors: Enny S. Paixao, Christian Bottomley, Liam Smeeth, Maria Conceicao N. da Costa, Maria Gloria Teixeira, Maria Yury Ichihara, Ligia Gabrielli, Mauricio L. Barreto and Oona M. R. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:589

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is limited evidence on effect of high and low dose oxytocin used for labor induction on perinatal outcomes. We compared perinatal outcomes among pregnant mothers who received the two different oxytocin r...

    Authors: Melese Gezahegn Tesemma, Demisew Amenu Sori and Desta Hiko Gemeda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:588

    Content type: Research

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  23. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused ongoing challenges in health services worldwide. Despite the growing body of literature on COVID-19, reports on perinatal care in COVID-19 cases are limited.

    Authors: Pilar Palmrich, Bernhard Roessler, Lukas Wisgrill, Stephanie Kampf, Pia Gattinger, Rudolf Valenta, Edith Fleischmann, Angelika Berger, Herbert Kiss and Alex Farr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:587

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Perinatal depression is of substantial public health importance in low and middle income countries. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a mental health intervention delivered by non-specialist health wor...

    Authors: Juliet E. M. Nakku, Oliva Nalwadda, Emily Garman, Simone Honikman, Charlotte Hanlon, Fred Kigozi and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:584

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Antenatal women experience an increased level of mood and anxiety symptoms, which have negative effects on mothers’ mental and physical health as well as the health of their newborns. The relation of maternal ...

    Authors: Hua Li, Angela Bowen, Rudy Bowen, Nazeem Muhajarine and Lloyd Balbuena

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:583

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The ability of a preventive nutritional intervention to reduce the morbidity of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains controversial. We aim to assess whether GDM can be prevented by an individualised nut...

    Authors: Chenjie Zhang, Lulu Wang, Wenguang Sun, Lei Chen, Chen Zhang, Hong Li, Jiale Yu, Jianxia Fan, Huijuan Ruan, Tao Zheng, Dongling Wu, Shaojing Li, Huan Lu, Man Wang, Ben W. Mol, Hefeng Huang…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:586

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The prenatal test of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) is also known as noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) with high sensitivity and specificity. This study is to evaluate the performance of NIPT and its clinical ...

    Authors: Jing-wei Wang, Yong-nan Lyu, Bin Qiao, Yan Li, Yan Zhang, Pavan Kumar Dhanyamraju, Yevgeniya Bamme, Michael D. Yu, Dongqin Yang and Yong-qing Tong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:585

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Obese pregnant women are known to experience poorer pregnancy outcomes and are at higher risk of postnatal arteriosclerosis. Hence, weight control during and after pregnancy is important for reducing these ris...

    Authors: Maki Kawasaki, Asako Mito, Masako Waguri, Yuichi Sato, Emiko Abe, Mayumi Shimada, Sayuri Fukuda, Yuki Sasaki, Kei Fujikawa, Takashi Sugiyama, Erika Ota, Jin Nakazawa, Tadashi Okoshi, Hidemi Takimoto, Yuka Honda, Eisuke Inoue…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:582

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. It is currently unknown whether primary CDs performed in compliance with the 2014 ACOG/SMFM Obstetric Care Consensus Statement guidelines (“guideline-compliant”) are associated with a modified risk of maternal...

    Authors: Andrew W. White, Charis N. Chambers, Michelle C. Ertel, Taylor R. Gennaro, Ling Chen, Alexander M. Friedman and Kacey Y. Eichelberger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:580

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This report evaluates results of a screening program on prenatal detection of congenital heart defects in a geographical cohort of western Sweden between January 1st, 2013 and June 31st, 2017. During the study...

    Authors: Maya Waern, Mats Mellander, Anton Berg and Ylva Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:579

    Content type: Research

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  31. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is common and underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Longer-term offspring outcomes are also not well documented. This study aimed to determine if NVP, even in mild...

    Authors: Judith Ong, Suresh Anand Sadananthan, Shu-E Soh, Sharon Ng, Wen Lun Yuan, Izzuddin M Aris, Mya Thway Tint, Navin Michael, See Ling Loy, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Lynette P Shek, Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Yap Seng Chong and Shiao-Yng Chan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:578

    Content type: Research

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  32. The Covid-19 pandemic response is influencing maternal and neonatal health care services especially in developing countries. However, the indirect effects of Covid-19 on pregnancy outcomes remain unknown. The ...

    Authors: Fahimeh Ranjbar, Leila Allahqoli, Soheila Ahmadi, Robab Mousavi, Maryam Gharacheh, Nooshin Eshraghi and Ibrahim Alkatout

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:577

    Content type: Research

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  33. Deviations from gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations are associated with unfavorable maternal and neonatal outcomes. There is a need to understand how maternal substrate metabolism, independent of wei...

    Authors: Jill M. Maples, Samantha F. Ehrlich, Nikki B. Zite, Kevin J. Pearson, W. Todd Cade, Courtney J. Riedinger, Maire M. Blankenship and Rachel A. Tinius

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:575

    Content type: Research

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  34. SARS-Cov-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Coronavirus 2) infection confers a non-negligible risk for younger pregnant women with diabetes, which is still less well investigated. This topic was recently addressed by...

    Authors: Christian S. Göbl, Latife Bozkurt and Wolfgang Henrich

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:574

    Content type: Commentary

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:573

  35. Currently, we suffer from an increasing diabetes pandemic and on the other hand from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Already at the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, it was quickly assumed that certain groups are...

    Authors: Claudia Eberle, Tamarra James-Todd and Stefanie Stichling

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:573

    Content type: Research

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:574

  36. Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have reached epidemic levels in many high and middle income countries while increasingly, low income countries are challenged both by high urban CD rates and high unmet need in rur...

    Authors: Misrak Getnet Beyene, Theodros Getachew Zemedu, Azmach Hadush Gebregiorgis, Ana Lorena Ruano and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:571

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pregnancy is governed by multiple molecular and cellular processes, which might influence pregnancy health and outcomes. Failure to predict and understand the cause of pregnancy complications, adverse pregnanc...

    Authors: Manoj Kumar, Marwa Saadaoui, Duaa Ahmed Elhag, Selvasankar Murugesan, Shaikha Al Abduljabbar, Yassin Fagier, Osman Ortashi, Hala Abdullahi, Ibrahim Ibrahim, Medhat Alberry, Anthony Abbas, Sawssan R. Ahmed, Mohamed A. Hendaus, Karim Kalache, Annalisa Terranegra and Souhaila Al Khodor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:570

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Maternal obesity is associated with health risks for women and their babies and is exacerbated by excess gestational weight gain. The aim of this study was to describe women’s experiences and perspectives in a...

    Authors: Rebecca F. Goldstein, Jacqueline A. Boyle, Clement Lo, Helena J. Teede and Cheryce L. Harrison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:569

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pregnancy termination during the second trimester in patients with placenta previa and placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a complex and challenging clinical problem. Based on our literature review, there has b...

    Authors: Qiaofei Hu, Changdong Li, Lanrong Luo, Jian Li, Xiaofeng Zhang, Suwen Chen and Xiaokui Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:568

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:690

  40. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) still is a global emergency. According to the studies, pregnant women are of the at risk populations and any underlying disease(s) might even worsen their condition. The aim...

    Authors: Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Maryam Nurzadeh, Mohammad Hasan Darabi and Mahsa Naemi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:567

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been associated with adverse health outcomes for mothers and offspring. Prevalence of GDM differs by country/region due to ethnicity, lifestyle and diagnostic criteria. ...

    Authors: Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Yuqing Zhang, Qai Ven Yap, Guoqi Yu, Shu E Soh, See Ling Loy, Hui Xing Lau, Shiao-Yng Chan, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Zhong-Cheng Luo, Fabian Kok Peng Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Jun Zhang and Johan Gunnar Eriksson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:566

    Content type: Research

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  42. Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common congenital infection globally, however information about CMV is not routinely included in antenatal education in the United Kingdom. This feasibility study a...

    Authors: Anna Calvert, Tushna Vandrevala, Robin Parsons, Victoria Barber, Alex Book, Gayle Book, David Carrington, Vanessa Greening, Paul Griffiths, Danielle Hake, Asma Khalil, Suzanne Luck, Amy Montague, Caroline Star, Irina Chis Ster, Sharon Wood…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:565

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is a debilitating complication of vaginal delivery which has yet to receive ample attention in adolescents. The aim of this study was to describe risk for OASI in adolesc...

    Authors: Henry H. Chill, Michal Lipschuetz, Eyal Atias, Tzvika Shimonovitz, David Shveiky and Gilad Karavani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:564

    Content type: Research

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  44. Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis (SPT) is a well-recognized but rare puerperal complication that has two types: ovarian vein thrombophlebitis (OVT) and deep septic pelvic thrombophlebitis (DSPT). The present cas...

    Authors: Qin Shi, Deborah Shulamite Gandi, Yurong Hua, Yi Zhu, Jinhan Yao, Xiaoqing Yang, Yunzhao Xu and Yuquan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:561

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. To investigate whether the existing surgical technique for uterine closure at repeat lower segment Caesarean section (LSCS) can be modified to achieve adequate residual myometrial thickness (RMT) to ensure sca...

    Authors: Shahul Hameed Mohamed Siraj, Karuna Mary Lional, Kok Hian Tan and Ann Wright

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:559

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

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