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  1. Vacuum-assisted birth is not widely practiced in Tanzania but efforts to re-introduce the procedure suggest some success. Few studies have targeted childbirth attendants to learn how their perceptions of and t...

    Authors: Sunday Dominico, Mkambu Kasanga, Nguke Mwakatundu, Paul Chaote, Samantha Lobis and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Eclampsia is a tonic clonic type of seizure among pre-eclamptic mothers. Time to recovery from eclampsia is to mean that the time when the mother recovered from severity features of pre-eclampsia. As far as th...

    Authors: Bekalu Kassie, Yibelu Bazezew, Yewbmirt Sharew, Leltework Yismaw, Melaku Desta and Muluneh Alene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Given the significance of the birth experience on women’s and babies’ well-being, assessing and understanding maternal satisfaction is important for providing optimal care. While previous research has thorough...

    Authors: Agneta Westergren, Kerstin Edin and Monica Christianson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Postnatal care (PNC) is important for preventing morbidity and mortality in mothers and newborns. Even though its importance is highlighted, PNC received less attention than antenatal care. This study determin...

    Authors: Upuli Amaranganie Pushpakumari Perera, Yibeltal Assefa and Uttara Amilani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Improvement in the accuracy of identifying women who are at risk to develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is warranted, since timely diagnosis and treatment improves the outcomes of this common pregnancy...

    Authors: Fieke van Hoorn, Maria P. H. Koster, Anneke Kwee, Floris Groenendaal, Arie Franx and Mireille N. Bekker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:298

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The quality of prenatal care is critical for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), only 64 % of women worldwide have access to over four sessi...

    Authors: Reihaneh Pirjani, Ashraf Moini, Javad Heshmati, Azar Mardi-Mamaghani, Mahnaz Esmaeili, Mehrnoosh Shafaatdoost, Arezoo Maleki-Hajiagha, Elham Karimi, Mojgan Hossein-boroujerdi, Fatemeh Shokri, Zahra Mosanezhad, Niloofar Bajool, Matina Noori, Ladan Hosseini, Emma Persad and Mahdi Sepidarkish

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:297

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. The adequate maternal sleep duration required for favorable obstetric outcomes is unknown. We evaluated the association between maternal sleep duration and low birth weight infants, small for gestational age i...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Murata, Hyo Kyozuka, Toma Fukuda, Shun Yasuda, Akiko Yamaguchi, Seiichi Morokuma, Akiko Sato, Yuka Ogata, Kosei Shinoki, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Koichi Hashimoto, Hidekazu Nishigori and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Both Caroli disease (CD) and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) are autosomal recessive disorders, which are more commonly found in infants and children, for whom surviving to adulthood is r...

    Authors: Xiuzhen Yao, Weiqun Ao, Jianhua Fang, Guoqun Mao, Chuanghua Chen, Lifang Yu, Huaijie Cai and Chenke Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:294

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome are two uncommon disorders that mimic each other clinically, but are distinct pathophysiologically...

    Authors: Sau Xiong Ang, Chie-Pein Chen, Fang-Ju Sun and Chen-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  10. India has the highest number of stillbirths and the highest neonatal death rate in the world. In the context of its pronatalist society, women who experience perinatal loss often encounter significant social r...

    Authors: Lisa Roberts, Solomon J. Renati, Shreeletha Solomon and Susanne Montgomery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite 15–17 millions of annual births in China, there is a paucity of information on prevalence and outcome of preterm birth. We characterized the outcome of preterm births and hospitalized preterm infants b...

    Authors: Xiaojing Guo, Xiaoqiong Li, Tingting Qi, Zhaojun Pan, Xiaoqin Zhu, Hui Wang, Ying Dong, Hongni Yue and Bo Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Research suggests that women’s experience of antenatal care is an important component of high-quality antenatal care. Person-centered antenatal care (PCANC) reflects care that is both respectful of, and respon...

    Authors: Phoebe Miller, Patience A. Afulani, Sabine Musange, Felix Sayingoza and Dilys Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  13. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Heidi Jussila, Juho Pelto, Riikka Korja, Eeva Ekholm, Marjukka Pajulo, Linnea Karlsson and Hasse Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:289

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:741

  14. Malignancy during pregnancy is increasing, and the most common type of malignancy is uterine cervical cancer. When planning the treatment of cervical cancer, it is important to look for signs of metastasis bef...

    Authors: Tatsuya Ishiguro, Nobumichi Nishikawa, Shiro Ishii, Kosuke Yoshihara, Kazufumi Haino, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Sosuke Adachi, Takafumi Watanabe, Shu Soeda and Takayuki Enomoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:288

    Content type: Case report

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  15. In 2017, a total of 295,000 women lost their lives due to pregnancy and childbirth across the globe, with sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia accounting for approximately 86 % of all maternal deaths. The materna...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Philemon Adoliwine Amooba, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Mabel Apaanye Avane, Anthony Kuug, Raymond Saa-Eru Maalman, Confidence Alorse Atakro, Irene Torshie Attachie and Constancia Atachie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The current fact of increasing rates of cesarean deliveries is a catastrophe. Recurrent cesareans result in intraperitoneal adhesions that would lead to maternal morbidity during delivery. Great efforts are di...

    Authors: Mohamed Elprince, Omima T. Taha, Zakia M. Ibrahim, Rasha E. Khamees, Mahmoud A. Greash, Khaled A. Atwa, Ahmed M. Gadallah, Noha al-Okda, Radwa M. Abdel Aal, Mohamed F. Ibrahim, Ahmed A. Aboelroose, Osama E. Ashour, Asmaa M. Elgedawy, Amira M. Elbahie, Hanan M. Ghoneim and Amal A. Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Routine assessment in (near) term pregnancy is often inaccurate for the identification of fetuses who are mild to moderately compromised due to placental insufficiency and are at risk of adverse outcomes, espe...

    Authors: Stefanie E. Damhuis, Wessel Ganzevoort, Ruben G. Duijnhoven, Henk Groen, Sailesh Kumar, Alexander E. P. Heazell, Asma Khalil and Sanne J. Gordijn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:285

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Sleep disorders, which are among the foremost important medical care issues, are prevalent in pregnancy. The present study is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of insomnia in the third trimester of pregnancy. ...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Niloofar Darvishi, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Rostam Jalali, Alireza Daneshkhah, Yalda Bartina and Masoud Mohammadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Telomere length (TL) is variable at birth and is inversely associated with body mass index (BMI) in adulthood. A growing number of evidences suggested that a higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI results in advers...

    Authors: Bincai Wei, Yantao Shao, Jun Liang, Peng Tang, Meile Mo, Bihu Liu, Huishen Huang, Hui Juan Jennifer Tan, Dongping Huang, Shun Liu and Xiaoqiang Qiu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pseudoaneurysm of the uterine artery (UPA) is a rare cause of potentially life-threatening hemorrhage during pregnancy and puerperium. It is an uncommon condition that mainly occurs after traumatic injury to a...

    Authors: Tibor Andrea Zwimpfer, Cécile Monod, Katharina Redling, Heike Willi, Martin Takes, Bernhard Fellmann-Fischer, Gwendolin Manegold-Brauer and Irene Hösli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:282

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Pregnancy distress is a combination of anxiety, stress, and depression during pregnancy. The first step in preventing pregnancy distress is to identify women at risk. The present study assessed adaptation and ...

    Authors: Leili Salehi, Zoherh Mohmoodi, Fatemeh Rajati and Victor Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:281

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Vitamin D deficiency is a global public health issue in women and children and is associated with adverse impacts on child growth, such as rickets. However, prior studies have mainly focused on measuring vitam...

    Authors: Xin Li, Jiaxiao Yu, Li Wen, Qingshu Li, Jianying Yan, Jing Tian, Chao Tong, Qi Tong, Hongbo Qi, Richard Saffery, Mark D. Kilby and Philip N. Baker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Computerized clinical decision support (CDSS) –digital information systems designed to improve clinical decision making by providers – is a promising tool for improving quality of care. This study aims to unde...

    Authors: Gulnoza Usmanova, Kamlesh Lalchandani, Ashish Srivastava, Chandra Shekhar Joshi, Deepak Chandra Bhatt, Anand Kumar Bairagi, Yashpal Jain, Mohammed Afzal, Rashmi Dhoundiyal, Jyoti Benawri, Tarun Chaudhary, Archana Mishra, Rajni Wadhwa, Pompy Sridhar, Nupur Bahl, Pratibha Gaikwad…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research article

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  24. There is increasing awareness that perinatal psychosocial adversity experienced by mothers, children, and their families, may influence health and well-being across the life course. To maximise the impact of p...

    Authors: E. D. John Eastwood, Andy Wang, Sarah Khanlari, Alicia Montgomery and Jean Yee Hwa Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:277

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There is sufficient meta-analytic evidence that antenatal interventions for women at risk (selective prevention) or for women with severe psychological symptoms (indicated prevention) are effective in reducing...

    Authors: Marjolein Missler, Tara Donker, Roseriet Beijers, Marketa Ciharova, Charlotte Moyse, Ralph de Vries, Jaap Denissen and Annemieke van Straten

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:276

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Adding clomiphene citrate (CC) and/or letrozole (LE) to in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles for mild ovarian stimulation is a general approach. Although lots of researches have demonstrated partial benefits of...

    Authors: Ying Liang, Qing Guo, Xiao-Hua Wu, Li-Nan Zhang, Jun Ge, Mei-Ling Xu, Zheng-Li Feng and Xiao-Qian Wu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To determine whether severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19 disease) exposure in pregnancy, compared to non-exposure, is associated with infection-related obstetric ...

    Authors: Oscar Martinez-Perez, Pilar Prats Rodriguez, Marta Muner Hernandez, Maria Begoña Encinas Pardilla, Noelia Perez Perez, Maria Rosa Vila Hernandez, Ana Villalba Yarza, Olga Nieto Velasco, Pablo Guillermo Del Barrio Fernandez, Laura Forcen Acebal, Carmen Maria Orizales Lago, Alicia Martinez Varea, Begoña Muñoz Abellana, Maria Suarez Arana, Laura Fuentes Ricoy, Clara Martinez Diago…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:273

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The preferable choice of anesthesia for the patients with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (CAAD) and type I Arnold Chiari malformations (ACM-I) has been a very confusing issue in clinical practice. We desc...

    Authors: Yuyan Nie, Weimin Zhou and Shaoqiang Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:272

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Oral diseases are considered a silent epidemic including among pregnant women. Given the prevalence of oral conditions among pregnant women and the reported association with adverse pregnancy outcomes, there h...

    Authors: A. Adeniyi, L. Donnelly, P. Janssen, C. Jevitt, B. Kardeh, H. von Bergmann and M. Brondani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:271

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In most of the sub-Sahara African countries, use of herbal medications is widely practiced during pregnancy or delivery for various reasons despite uncertainties on their pharmacological profiles. Use of unreg...

    Authors: Anna Tengia-Kessy and George Chombe Msalale

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:270

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are a significant contributor to the high maternal mortality rate in Indonesia. At the moment, limited guidelines are available to assist primary care providers in man...

    Authors: Fitriana Murriya Ekawati, Sharon Licqurish, Jane Gunn, Shaun Brennecke and Phyllis Lau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:269

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Retained placenta represents a cause of maternal morbidity and mortality affecting 0.5–3% of all vaginal deliveries. The unpredictability of this condition makes difficult to develop predictive and preventive ...

    Authors: Alessandro Favilli, Valentina Tosto, Margherita Ceccobelli, Fabio Parazzini, Massimo Franchi, Vittorio Bini and Sandro Gerli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:268

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The effect of maternal amino acid (AA) infusion before and during cesarean delivery on neonatal temperature remains unknown. We hypothesized that thermogenic effects of AA metabolism would help maintain body t...

    Authors: Krishna Pokharel, Asish Subedi, Mukesh Tripathi and Binay Kumar Biswas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To assess the indications and complications of late amniocentesis and the advanced genetic test results in a tertiary university fetal medical medicine unit.

    Authors: Yingting Li, Huanchen Yan, Jingsi Chen, Fei Chen, Wei Jian, Jiayan Wang, Xiaoqing Ye, Yufan Li, Nan Li, Philip C. N. Chiu and Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:266

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Mounting evidence suggests that cesarean delivery may have a long-lasting effect on infant health. But the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims to examine whether cesarean delivery on maternal...

    Authors: Qian Chen, Yanhong Ming, Yuexin Gan, Lisu Huang, Yanjun Zhao, Xia Wang, Yongjie Liu and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:265

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Endometriosis affects the responsiveness to ovarian stimulation. This study aimed to assess the role of Dienogest pretreatment for endometriosis suppression as compared to Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonis...

    Authors: Eissa Khalifa, Hashem Mohammad, Ameer Abdullah, Mazen Abdel-Rasheed, Mohammed Khairy and Mahmoud Hosni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:264

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Intrauterine inflammation affects short- and long-term neonatal outcomes. Histological chorioamnionitis and funisitis are acute inflammatory responses in the fetal membranes and umbilical cord, respectively. A...

    Authors: Hyo Kyozuka, Tuyoshi Murata, Toma Fukuda, Erina Suzuki, Riho Yazawa, Shun Yasuda, Aya Kanno, Akiko Yamaguchi, Yuko Hashimoto and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:263

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has become alarming public health concern. It is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and increased risk of postpartum type 2 diabetes. Pre-pregnant body mass index (B...

    Authors: Zhenhong Zhang, Qian Xu, Yanping Chen, Lun Sui, Lu Jiang, Qianqian Shen, Minyu Li, Guoju Li and Qiuzhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:262

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the main causes of medical complication of pregnancy and is the main cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. It is one of the top causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. Also ...

    Authors: Awol Yemane, Hale Teka, Sumeya Ahmed, Haftom Temesgen and Elizabeth Langen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:261

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. In monochorionic twin (MC) gestations with selective fetal growth restriction (FGR), the discordant fetal growth usually is due to unequal placental sharing. Glucose, which is essential for oxidative metabolis...

    Authors: Yao-Lung Chang, An-Shine Chao, Shuenn-Dyh Chang and Po-Jen Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Approximately one-third of pregnant and postnatal women in Ethiopia experience depression posing a substantial health burden for these women and their families. Although associations between postnatal depressi...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Emma R. Miller, Richard J. Woodman, Telake Azale and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Immediate newborn care (INC) practices, notably early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF), are fundamental for newborn health. However, coverage tracking currently relies on household survey data in many settin...

    Authors: Tazeen Tahsina, Aniqa Tasnim Hossain, Harriet Ruysen, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Louise T. Day, Kimberly Peven, Qazi Sadeq-ur Rahman, Jasmin Khan, Josephine Shabani, Ashish KC, Tapas Mazumder, Sojib Bin Zaman, Shafiqul Ameen, Stefanie Kong, Agbessi Amouzou, Ornella Lincetto…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21(Suppl 1):237

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

  43. Observation of care at birth is challenging with multiple, rapid and potentially concurrent events occurring for mother, newborn and placenta. Design of electronic data (E-data) collection needs to account for...

    Authors: Harriet Ruysen, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev, Tanvir Hossain, Omkar Basnet, Kizito Shirima, Qazi Sadeq-ur Rahman, Sojib Bin Zaman, Nisha Rana, Nahya Salim, Tazeen Tahsina, Georgia R. Gore-Langton, Shafiqul Ameen, Dorothy Boggs, Stefanie Kong, Louise T. Day…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21(Suppl 1):234

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

  44. Respectful maternal and newborn care (RMNC) is an important component of high-quality care but progress is impeded by critical measurement gaps for women and newborns. The Every Newborn Birth Indicators Research ...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Harriet Ruysen, Avinash K. Sunny, Louise T. Day, Loveday Penn-Kekana, Mats Målqvist, Binda Ghimire, Dela Singh, Omkar Basnet, Srijana Sharma, Theresa Shaver, Allisyn C. Moran, Joy E. Lawn and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21(Suppl 1):228

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

  45. An estimated >2 million babies stillborn around the world each year lack visibility. Low- and middle-income countries carry 84% of the burden yet have the least data. Most births are now in facilities, hence r...

    Authors: Kimberly Peven, Louise T. Day, Harriet Ruysen, Tazeen Tahsina, Ashish KC, Josephine Shabani, Stefanie Kong, Shafiqul Ameen, Omkar Basnet, Rajib Haider, Qazi Sadeq-ur Rahman, Hannah Blencowe and Joy E. Lawn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21(Suppl 1):226

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

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