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Table 1 Characteristics of mothers and their infants (n = 75)

From: Adiponectin levels in maternal serum and umbilical cord blood at birth by mode of delivery: relationship to anthropometric measurements and fetal sex

Variables Vaginal delivery (n = 40) Cesarean section (n = 35) P-value
Birth weight (g) 3247.37 ± 407.65a 3219.28 ± 382.22a 0.76b
Birth length (cm) 50.37 ± 2.09a 50.85 ± 2.54a 0.23c
Birth head circumference (cm) 34.83 ± 1.21a 34.84 ± 0.91a 0.83c
Birth chest circumference (cm) 33.71 ± 1.09a 33.67 ± 1.48a 0.72c
Gender
 Male 21 (52.5) d 18 (51.4) d 0.92e
 Female 19 (47.5) d 17 (48.6) d
Maternal age (y)
 ≤ 25 14 (35) d 8 (22.9) d 0.26e
 26–35 24 (60) d 22 (62.9) d
 > 35 2 (5) d 5 (14.3) d
Maternal education
 <  12 years education 21 (52.5) d 17(48.6) d 0.73e
 ≥ 12 years education 19 (47.5) d 18 (51.4) d
Number of live births
 0 18(45) d 8 (22.9) d 0.14e
 1 16 (40) d 16 (45.7) d
 2 4 (10) d 9 (25.7) d
 ≥3 2 (5) d 2 (5.7) d
Number of deliveries
 0 18 (45) d 8 (22.9) d 0.1e
 1 16 (40) d 15 (42.9) d
 2 4 (10) d 10 (28.6) d
 ≥3 2 (5) d 2 (5.7) d
Number of pregnancies
 1 16 (40) d 7 (20) d 0.068e
 2 14 (35) d 9 (25.7) d
 3 7 (17.5) d 14 (40) d
 4≥ 3 (7.5) d 5 (14.3) d
Number of miscarriages
 0 34 (85) d 24 (68.6) d 0.21e
 1 5 (12.5) d 10 (28.6) d
 2≥ 1 (2.5) d 1 (2.9) d
Maternal BMI at birth (kg/m2)
 18.5–24.9 13 (32.5) d 5 (14.3) d 0.16e
 25–29.9 16 (40) d 16 (45.7) d
 30≥ 11 (27.5) d 14 (40) d
  1. a, mean ± SD; b, T-test; c, Mann-Whitney; d, Number (%); e, Chi- square