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Table 2 HADS scores for anxiety and depression and P-BESS for women’s satisfaction with care at birth

From: Cord pilot trial, comparing alternative policies for timing of cord clamping before 32 weeks gestation: follow-up for women up to one year

  First (at 4–8 weeks) Second (at one year)
Clamp ≥2 min + neonatal care with cord intact Clamp ≤20 s + neonatal care after clamping Clamp ≥2 min + neonatal care with cord intact Clamp ≤20 s + neonatal care after clamping
n = 99 (%) n = 87 (%) n = 83 (%) n = 50 (%)
HADS scores a
 depression mean [sd] 5.1 [3.3] 6.0 [3.7] 4.3 [3.5] 4.8 [3.0]
  ≥ 8 28 (29%) 27 (31%) 17 (20%) 10 (20%)
 anxiety mean [sd] 7.4 [4.1] 7.6 [4.7] 6.7 [3.9] 6.2 [3.9]
  ≥ 8 49 (50%) 40 (47%) 34 (41%) 18 (36%)
P-BESS scores, median [25th, 75th centile]
 total 80 [69, 85] 76 [68, 82] 78 [67, 84] 78 [70, 82]
 interpersonal careb 34 [29, 35] 32 [28, 34] 33 [28, 35] 33 [30, 35]
 information and explanations 33 [28, 35] 31 [28, 34] 33 [27, 35] 31 [28, 34]
 confidence in staff 15 [12, 15] 13 [11, 15] 14 [11, 15] 14 [12, 15]
  1. aAnxiety and depression scores were reasonably normally distributed. HADS questionnaire not completed by one participant in each group on the first questionnaire and by one participant in the clamp cord ≤20 s group on the second questionnaire at one year
  2. bP-BESS interpersonal scale score not fully completed by one participant in each group on the first questionnaire