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Table 1 Sociodemographic, medical and gynaecological history and provision of health care services profiles of women with (cases) and without (controls) severe maternal morbidity

From: Factors associated with severe maternal morbidity in Kelantan, Malaysia: A comparative cross-sectional study

Variables Severe maternal morbidity (n = 352) Non-severe maternal morbidity (n = 352)
  n (%) n (%)
Sociodemographic
Age
 <35 years 235 (66.8) 296 (84.1)
 ≥35 years 117 (33.2) 56 (15.9)
Race
 Malays 349 (99.1) 350 (99.4)
 Others 3 (0.9) 2 (0.6)
Marital status
 Married 349 (99.1) 352 (100.0)
 Single 3 (0.9) 0 (0)
Education level
 Nil and Primary 15 (4.3) 13 (3.7)
 Secondary 216 (61.4) 241 (68.5)
 Tertiary 121 (34.4) 98 (27.8)
Occupation
 Unemployed 186 (52.8) 199 (56.5)
 Self-employed 25 (7.1) 32 (9.1)
 Support group 89 (25.3) 90 (25.6)
 Professional 52 (14.8) 31 (8.8)
Husband education
 Primary 11 (3.2) 5 (1.4)
 Secondary 229 (65.6) 254 (72.2)
 Tertiary 109 (31.2) 93 (26.4)
 Husband occupation
 Unemployed 6 (1.7) 5 (1.4)
 Self-employed 132 (37.8) 158 (44.9)
 Support group 168 (48.1) 167 (47.4)
 Professional 43 (12.3) 22 (6.3)
Medical and gynaecological history
Comorbidity
 Absent 308 (87.5) 326 (92.6)
 Present 44 (12.5) 26 (7.4)
h/o abortion
 Absent 277 (78.7) 274 (77.8)
 Present 75 (21.3) 78 (22.2)
Provision of health care services
Health care facility
 Raja Perempuan Zainab II Hospital 274 (77.8) 274 (77.8)
 Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital 78 (22.2) 78 (22.2)
Referral status
 Not referred 102 (29.0) 240 (68.2)
 Referred 250 (71.0) 112 (31.8)
Birth attendant
 Doctors 335 (95.2) 197 (56.0)
 Midwifes 17 (4.8) 155 (44.0)