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Table 1 Three-step model for SDM in clinical practice [[18]]

From: On speaking terms: a Delphi study on shared decision-making in maternity care

Step 1. Choice talk, introducing that a decision-making needs to be made and exploring what role the woman wants to play.
Step 2. Option talk, exploring the woman’s values and preferences, informing her about the options and its consequences, deliberating with her and involving her partner or significant others.
Step 3. Decision talk, making the final decision, safeguarding the woman’s sense of autonomy, clarity over the decision and informing other professionals involved in the care for the woman.