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  1. Like many countries, the government of Bangladesh also imposed stay-at-home orders to restrict the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (COVID-19) in March, 2020. Epidemiological studies w...

    Authors: Sadika Akhter, Feroza Akhter Kumkum, Farzana Bashar and Aminur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:810

    Content type: Research

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  2. Immediate postpartum family planning (IPPFP) helps prevent unintended and closely spaced pregnancies. Despite Ethiopia’s rising facility-based delivery rate and supportive IPPFP policies, the prevalence of pos...

    Authors: Alexandria K. Mickler, Celia Karp, Saifuddin Ahmed, Mahari Yihdego, Assefa Seme, Solomon Shiferaw and Linnea Zimmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:809

    Content type: Research

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  3. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) emerges worldwide and is closely associated with short- and long-term health issues in women and their offspring, such as pregnancy and birth complications respectively como...

    Authors: Claudia Eberle, Maxine Loehnert and Stefanie Stichling

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:808

    Content type: Research

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  4. Cytokine levels have been extensively described in pregnant subjects under normal and pathological conditions, including mood-related disorders. Concerning chemokines, very few studies have reported their asso...

    Authors: Ignacio Camacho-Arroyo, Mónica Flores-Ramos, Ismael Mancilla-Herrera, Fausto Moisés Coronel Cruz, Joselin Hernández-Ruiz, Gabriela Pellón Diaz, Blanca Farfán Labonne, María del Pilar Meza-Rodríguez and Philippe Leff Gelman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:807

    Content type: Research

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  5. Prenatal genetic screens, including carrier screening (CS) and aneuploidy screening (AS), comprise an important component of reproductive healthcare delivery. Clinical practice guidelines emphasize the importa...

    Authors: Ruth M. Farrell, Madelyn Pierce, Christina Collart, Meng Yao, Marissa Coleridge, Edward K. Chien, Susannah S. Rose, Mary Lintel, Uma Perni and Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:806

    Content type: Research

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  6. To evaluate the performance of the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) preterm preeclampsia (PE) screening algorithm in an indigenous South Asian population.

    Authors: Smriti Prasad, Daljit Singh Sahota, P. Vanamail, Akshatha Sharma, Saloni Arora and Anita Kaul

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:805

    Content type: Research

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  7. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a severe and life-threatening disease. Given its heterogeneous clinical presentation, the phenotype of TTP during pregnancy and its management have not been well do...

    Authors: Lu Zhou, Yu Zhu, Miao Jiang, Jian Su, Xiaofan Liu, Yizhi Jiang, Hui Mu, Jie Yin, Li Yang, Haiyan Liu, Weidong Pan, Min Su and Hong Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:804

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Authors: Nikita Simpson, Anna Kydd, Mwelwa Phiri, Madalitso Mbewe, Lucheka Sigande, Thomas Gachie, Malebo Ngobeni, Tebogo Monese, Zuzana Figerova, Hugo Schlesinger, Virginia Bond, Steve Belemu, Musonda Simwinga, Ab Schaap, Maurice Biriotti, Sarah Fidler…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:803

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:663

  9. Antenatal care and skilled childbirth services are important interventions to improve maternal health and lower the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes and mortality. A growing body of literature has shown that ge...

    Authors: Eric Steinbrook, Myo Chit Min, Ladda Kajeechiwa, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Moo Kho Paw, Mu Paw Jay Pimanpanarak, Woranit Hiranloetthanyakit, Aung Myat Min, Nay Win Tun, Mary Ellen Gilder, François Nosten, Rose McGready and Daniel M. Parker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:802

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is dearth of information on COVID-19’s impact on pregnant women. However, literature reported trends of COVID-19 differ, depending on the presence of clinical features upon presentation.

    Authors: Durray Shahwar A. Khan, La-Raib Hamid, Anna Ali, Rehana A. Salam, Nadeem Zuberi, Zohra S. Lassi and Jai K. Das

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:801

    Content type: Research

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  11. Recent studies show a rapid growth among pregnant women using high potency opioids for common pain management during their pregnancy. No study has examined the duration of treatment among strong opioid users a...

    Authors: Jin-Ping Zhao, Christelle Berthod, Odile Sheehy, Behrouz Kassaï, Jessica Gorgui and Anick Bérard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:800

    Content type: Research

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  12. In the context of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, consultations and pregnancy monitoring examinations had to be reorganised urgently. In addition, women themselves ma...

    Authors: Alexandra Doncarli, Lucia Araujo-Chaveron, Catherine Crenn-Hebert, Virginie Demiguel, Julie Boudet-Berquier, Yaya Barry, Maria-Eugênia Gomes Do Espirito Santo, Andrea Guajardo-Villar, Claudie Menguy, Anouk Tabaï, Karine Wyndels, Alexandra Benachi and Nolwenn Regnault

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:799

    Content type: Research

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  13. Caesarian section is a vital emergency obstetric intervention for saving the lives of mothers and newborns. However, factors which are responsible for caesarian section (CS) were not well established in the co...

    Authors: Samuel Hailegebreal, Girma Gilano, Binyam Tariku Seboka, Mohammedjud Hassen Ahmed, Atsedu Endale Simegn, Getanew Aschalew Tesfa and Delelegn Emwodew Yehualashet

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:798

    Content type: Research

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  14. Placental anastomoses in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancy have a major impact on fetal circulation. This study was designed to define reference ranges of cardiac and vascular Doppler indices in M...

    Authors: Thananan Chongsomboonsuk, Nisarat Phithakwatchara, Katika Nawapun, Sommai Viboonchart, Suparat Jaingam and Tuangsit Wataganara

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:797

    Content type: Research

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  15. International guidelines recommend to offer supportive care during a next pregnancy to couples affected by recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). In previous research, several options for supportive care have been id...

    Authors: N. A. du Fossé, E. E. L. O. Lashley, T. T. Treurniet, J. M. M. van Lith, S. le Cessie, H. Boosman and M. L. P. van der Hoorn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:796

    Content type: Research

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  16. The effects of COVID-19 lockdown measures on maternal and fetal health remain unclear. We examined the associations of COVID-19 lockdown with gestational length and preterm birth (PTB) in a Chinese population.

    Authors: Moran Dong, Rui Qian, Jiaqi Wang, Jingjie Fan, Yufeng Ye, He Zhou, Brian Win, Eve Reid, Suijin Zheng, Yanyun Lv, Yudong Pu, Hanwei Chen, Juan Jin, Qingmei Lin, Xiaoyang Luo, Guimin Chen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:795

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Low birth weight is weight less than 2500 g or 5.5 lb. at birth. Globally, more than 20 million infants (15-20%) are born with a low birth weight each year. Birth weight is the primary indicator of the health ...

    Authors: Mesfin Tadese, Abdulwahhab Seid Minhaji, Chalachew Tegegne Mengist, Fetene Kasahun and Getaneh Baye Mulu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:794

    Content type: Research

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  18. Parental body mass index (BMI) is associated with pregnancy outcomes. But the effect of parental prepregnancy BMI on offspring conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IC...

    Authors: Ruixue Chen, Lifen Chen, Yifeng Liu, Feixia Wang, Siwen Wang, Yun Huang, Kai-Lun Hu, Yuzhi Fan, Ruoyan Liu, Runjv Zhang and Dan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:793

    Content type: Research

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  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kathia Dubron, Mathilde Verschaeve and Filip Roodhooft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:792

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:705

  20. Worldwide, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preterm birth remain the leading causes of maternal and fetal pregnancy-related mortality and (long-term) morbidity. Fet...

    Authors: T. J. Nichting, M. W. E. Frenken, D. A. A. van der Woude, N. H. M. van Oostrum, C. M. de Vet, B. G. van Willigen, J. O. E. H. van Laar, M. van der Ven and S. G. Oei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:791

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. HIV testing at antenatal care (ANC) is critical to achieving zero new infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Although most women are tested at ANC, they remain at risk for HIV exposure and transmission to their inf...

    Authors: Rohan D. Jeremiah, Dhruvi R. Patel, Ellen Chirwa, Esnath Kapito, Xiaohan Mei, Linda L. McCreary, Kathleen F. Norr, Li Liu and Crystal L. Patil

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:790

    Content type: Research

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  22. Ureteral stents are commonly used in the field of urology to relieve ureteral obstruction. However, complications relating to ureteral stent use, such as encrustation continue to occur, especially with prolong...

    Authors: Zhaohua Ye, Qiwu Mi and Renzhao Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:789

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) is a DNA damage recognition protein that plays an important role in nucleotide excision repair and can reduce oxidative stress, which may be involved in the ...

    Authors: Jingli Wang, Chengcheng Guan, Jing Sui, Yucui Zang, Yuwen Wu, Ru Zhang, Xiaoying Qi and Shunfu Piao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:787

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Since the effectiveness of low-dose aspirin (LDA) in twin pregnancies is uncertain, we aimed to preliminarily assess whether LDA is beneficial in preventing preeclampsia in twin pregnancies.

    Authors: Ying Ye, Li Wen, Xiyao Liu, Lan Wang, Yamin Liu, Richard Saffery, Mark D. Kilby, Chao Tong, Hongbo Qi and Philip Baker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:786

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Approximately 13–19% of postpartum women experience postpartum depression and a majority report at least some stress during the postpartum phase. Traditional interventions such as psychotherapy and antidepress...

    Authors: Beth A. Lewis, Katie Schuver, Shira Dunsiger, Lauren Samson, Amanda L. Frayeh, Carrie A. Terrell, Joseph T. Ciccolo, John Fischer and Melissa D. Avery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:785

    Content type: Research

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  26. Analysis of “maternal near-misses” is expected to facilitate assessment of the quality of maternity care in health facilities. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate incidence, risk factors and causes of mate...

    Authors: Ying Chen, Jiaoyang Shi, Yuting Zhu, Xiang Kong, Yang Lu, Yanru Chu and Miskatul Mustafa Mishu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:784

    Content type: Research article

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  27. This systematic review aimed to provide an updated summary of studies investigating depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in parents after stillbir...

    Authors: Cèline Lossius Westby, Andrea Røsberg Erlandsen, Sondre Aasen Nilsen, Endre Visted and Jens C. Thimm

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:782

    Content type: Research

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  28. To examine which elements of an obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) care bundle were protective for OASI. Several interventional trials showed that application of a care bundle involving a hands-on approach...

    Authors: Ole Bredahl Rasmussen, Annika Yding, Charlotte Sander Andersen, Jane Boris and Finn Friis Lauszus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:781

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Auriculocondylar syndrome (ACS) is a rare disorder characterized by micrognathia, mandibular condyle hypoplasia, and auricular abnormalities. Only 6 pathogenic variants of GNAI3 have been identified associated wi...

    Authors: Xiaoliang Liu, Wei Sun, Jun Wang, Guoming Chu, Rong He, Bijun Zhang and Yanyan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:780

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Maternal obesity is a public health issue that could affect both women’s and children’s health. This qualitative study aimed to identify barriers to weight management of pregnant women with obesity and low soc...

    Authors: Fahimeh Mehrabi, Najva Ahmaripour, Sara Jalali-Farahani and Parisa Amiri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:779

    Content type: Research

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  31. During pregnancy a high amount of fatty acids (FA) is necessary to meet foetus demands, which vary during gestation. The present study describes the changes in maternal fatty acid concentrations during pregnan...

    Authors: Estefania Aparicio, Carla Martín-Grau, Carmen Hernández-Martinez, Nuria Voltas, Josefa Canals and Victoria Arija

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:778

    Content type: Research

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  32. Infant crying may cause concerns among new parents and is a frequent reason for seeking help from their general practitioner (GP). The etiology of crying problems in infancy is not fully understood, but recent...

    Authors: Tabitha Krogh Ölmestig, Volkert Siersma, Anna Rubach Birkmose, Jakob Kragstrup and Ruth Kirk Ertmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:777

    Content type: Research

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  33. Postpartum septic symphysitis (PPSS) is defined as acute onset of severe pain around the symphysis, restricted movement, fever, and elevated inflammatory parameters. It is a rare but serious condition requirin...

    Authors: Helen Elden, Monika Fagevik Olsen, Nasrin Farah Hussein, Lisa Wibeck Axelsson, Verena Sengpiel and Michael Ullman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:776

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The clinical diagnosis of late Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) involves the integration of Doppler ultrasound data and Fetal Heart Rate (FHR) monitoring through computer assisted computerized cardiotocography (...

    Authors: Giuseppina Esposito, Nicolò Pini, Salvatore Tagliaferri, Marta Campanile, Fulvio Zullo, Giovanni Magenes, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti and Maria Gabriella Signorini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:775

    Content type: Research

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  35. Prenatal corticosteroid administration in preterm labor is one of the most important treatments available to improve neonatal outcomes; however, its beneficial effects on late preterm infants (after the 34th w...

    Authors: Yas Arimi, Narges Zamani, Mamak Shariat and Hossein Dalili

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:774

    Content type: Research

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  36. Authors: Mohammad A. A. Bayoumi, Razan M. Masri, Nada Y. S. Matani, Mohamed A. Hendaus, Manal M. Masri, Prem Chandra, Lisa J. Langtree, Sunitha D’Souza, Noimot O. Olayiwola, Saad Shahbal, Einas E. Elmalik, Mohamed S. Bakry, Ashraf I. Gad and Ravi Agarwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:773

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:651

  37. Pregnancy constitutes a global health concern, thus the need for spousal support during this period cannot be overemphasized. This study examined the kinds of support pregnant women expected and received from ...

    Authors: O. Arisukwu, C. O. Igbolekwu, I. A. Oyekola, E. J. Oyeyipo, F. F. Asamu and O. N. Osueke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:772

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Maternal immunisation is an essential public health intervention aimed at improving the health outcomes for pregnant women and providing protection to the newborn. Despite international recommendations, safety...

    Authors: Michelle L. Giles, Kong Khai, Sushena Krishnaswamy, Karen Bellamy, Margaret Angliss, Christopher Smith, Olivia Fay, Paul Paddle and Beverley Vollenhoven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:771

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Globally, preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal and under-five children mortality. Sub-Saharan African (SSA) accounts for the majority of preterm birth and death following its complications. Despite t...

    Authors: Tesfa Sewunet Alamneh, Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Misganaw Gebrie Worku, Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Yigizie Yeshaw, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Adugnaw Zeleke Alem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:770

    Content type: Research

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  40. Up to 50% of women in areas of high socio-economic deprivation are at risk of developing depressive symptoms in pregnancy. Feeling well supported, can facilitate good mental health perinatally. A brief, innova...

    Authors: Pauline Slade, Melanie Dembinsky, Katie Bristow, Kim Garthwaite, Amy Mahdi, Annette James, Atif Rahman and Soo Downe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:769

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pregnant and postpartum women face unique challenges and concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus far, no studies have explored the factors associated with increased levels of worry in this population globa...

    Authors: Diego F. Wyszynski, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Vanessa Gordon-Dseagu, Noemi Ramiro, Archana Basu, Hannah H. Kim and Karestan C. Koenen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:768

    Content type: Research

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  42. The COVID-19 pandemic led to regional or nationwide lockdowns as part of risk mitigation measurements in many countries worldwide. Recent studies suggest an unexpected and unprecedented decrease in preterm bir...

    Authors: J. Klumper, B. M. Kazemier, J. V. Been, K. W. M. Bloemenkamp, M. A. de Boer, J. J. H. M. Erwich, W. Heidema, F. J. C. M. Klumper, S. W. A. Nij Bijvank, S. G. Oei, M. A. Oudijk, S. Schoenmakers, A. S. van Teeffelen and C. J. M. de Groot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:767

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. In 21st century, there has been an increasing interest in vaginal birth after previous caesarean section (VBAC) in Cyprus, a country with a very high operative birth rate. Research-based evidence of women’s VB...

    Authors: Eleni Hadjigeorgiou, Constantina Katsie, Maria Papadopoulou, Maria Dolores Christofi and Andri Christoforou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:766

    Content type: Research

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  44. Treating depression early in pregnancy can improve health outcomes for women and their children. Current low-intensity psychological therapy for perinatal depression is a supported self-help approach informed ...

    Authors: Jenny Ingram, Debbie Johnson, Heather A. O’Mahen, Roslyn Law, Iryna Culpin, David Kessler, Lucy Beasant and Jonathan Evans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:765

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. There is not enough data regarding practices and protocols on the dose of oxytocin administrated to women during labour. Empirical evidence indicates that compliance with the guidelines improves the quality of...

    Authors: Barbara Baranowska, Anna Kajdy, Iwona Kiersnowska, Dorota Sys, Urszula Tataj-Puzyna, Déirdre Daly, Michał Rabijewski, Grażyna Bączek and Maria Węgrzynowska

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:764

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Home delivery has been associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV and remains high among HIV-infected women. Predictors for home delivery in the context of HIV have not been fully studied and understo...

    Authors: Agnes Napyo Kasede, Thorkild Tylleskär, David Mukunya, Josephine Tumuhamye, Grace Ndeezi, Anna Agnes Ojok Arach, Paul Waako and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:763

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. The ongoing spread coronavirus disease worldwide has caused major disruptions and led to lockdowns. Everyday lifestyle changes and antenatal care inaccessibility during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) ...

    Authors: Eman F. Badran, Rula M. Darwish, Yousef Khader, Rama AlMasri, Mira Al Jaberi, Mohammad AlMasri, Farah AlSa’di, Leen abu Yosef and Noor al-Badaineh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:761

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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