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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 15

  1. Caesarean section (CS) is an important lifesaving intervention that can reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. The dramatic increase in CS rates globally has prompted concerns that the procedure ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Nahla Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Orbay and Nevine Hassanein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:411

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Community distribution of misoprostol to pregnant women in advance of labor is one of the compelling strategies for preventing postpartum hemorrhage. Concerns have been reported that misoprostol distribution c...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Bereket Yakob, Wubegzier Mekonnen Ayele, Muluneh Yigzaw, Meselech Assegid Roro, Araya Abrha Medhanyi, Etenesh Gebreyohannes Hailu and Yibeltal Tebekaw Bayou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Accessibility and utilization of antenatal care (ANC) service varies depending on different geographical locations, sociodemographic characteristics, political and other factors. A geographically linked data a...

    Authors: Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Catherine Chojenta, Theodros Getachew, Roger Smith and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In developed countries, prenatal maternal stress has been associated with poor fetal growth, however this has not been evaluated in rural sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the effect of prenatal maternal stress...

    Authors: Kenneth Ayuurebobi Ae-Ngibise, Blair J. Wylie, Ellen Boamah-Kaali, Darby W. Jack, Felix Boakye Oppong, Steven N. Chillrud, Stephaney Gyaase, Seyram Kaali, Oscar Agyei, Patrick L. Kinney, Mohammed Mujtaba, Rosalind J. Wright, Kwaku Poku Asante and Alison G. Lee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:391

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Increasing male involvement during pregnancy is considered an important, but often overlooked intervention for improving maternal health in sub-Saharan Africa. Intervention studies aimed at improving maternal ...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Helio Cossa, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:384

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Niger has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in Sub Saharan Africa, of which postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause. In 2014, Health and Development International and the Ministry of Health of Ni...

    Authors: Meighan Mary, Ayisha Diop, Wendy R. Sheldon, Aichatou Yenikoye and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:379

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Several risk factors predisposing women and their live-borns to adverse outcomes during pregnancy have been documented. Little is known about sanitation being a factor contributing to adverse pregnancy outcome...

    Authors: Ratna Patel, Ajay Gupta, Shekhar Chauhan and Dhananjay W. Bansod

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:378

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Almost 99% of pregnancy or childbirth-related complications globally is estimated to occur in developing regions. Yet, little is known about the demographic impact of maternal causes of death (COD) in low-and ...

    Authors: Sulemana Watara Abubakari, Ayaga Agula Bawah, Ernest Obed Nettey, Edward Anane Apraku, Charles Zandoh, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Delali Margaret Badasu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:374

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In 2010, the World Health Assembly passed a resolution calling upon countries to prevent birth defects where possible. Though birth defects surveillance programs are an important source of information to guide...

    Authors: Daniel Mumpe-Mwanja, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Dhelia Williamson, Diana Valencia, Robert Serunjogi, Ayoub Kakande, Joyce Namale-Matovu, Jolly Nankunda, Doreen Birabwa-Male, Margaret Achom Okwero, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti and Philippa Musoke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:372

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Evidence suggests that many women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities across the world, but the magnitude of the problem is unknown. The occurrence of disrespect and abuse (D&A) in m...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Helma Manaharlal, Emidio Cumbane, Joelma Picardo, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:369

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In low-income countries with poor coverage of healthcare services such as Mozambique, antenatal care serves as a vital tool for providing life-saving and cost-effective services for pregnant mothers. Nonethele...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Oladimeji Olarewaju, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Maternal perceptions about caesarean section contribute to delayed presentation of women for emergency obstetric care. This increases the risks of perinatal and neonatal mortality and slows down the reductions...

    Authors: Barnabas B. Naa Gandau, Benjamin D. Nuertey, Nana Ayegua Hagan Seneadza, Dominic Akaateba, Emmanuel Azusong, Judith Y. Yirifere, Herta B. Kankpeyeng and Edem M. A. Tette

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:350

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is broad agreement that antenatal care (ANC) interventions, skilled attendance at birth and management of complications arising after delivery are key strategies that can tackle the high burden of matern...

    Authors: Caroline A. Ochieng and Aloyce S. Odhiambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:339

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The place of birth has been rapidly changing from home to health facility in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) following the strategy to improve the maternal and neonatal mortality. This change in the...

    Authors: Tomomi Takayama, Khampheng Phongluxa, Daisuke Nonaka, Chika Sato, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr, Nouhak Inthavong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:333

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The North Eastern region in Kenya experiences challenges in the utilization of maternal and newborn health services. In this region, culture and religion play a major role in influencing healthcare seeking beh...

    Authors: Coralie N’Gbichi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, David Wainaina Wambui, Pauline Bakibinga, Isaac Kisiangani, Pauline Njoroge, Rumana Noor, Ngugi Njoroge, Raha Abdi Salah and Elmi Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:332

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Each year nearly 7.7 million children under five years die around the world; out of which approximately 3.1 million of the newborns die during the neonatal period and almost all these (99%) deaths occur in the...

    Authors: Javed Memon, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Reza Majdzadeh, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Owais Raza and Shahrzad Nematollahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  17. We examined the utilisation, equity and determinants of full antenatal care (ANC), defined as 4 or more antenatal visits, at least one tetanus toxoid (TT) injection and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) for...

    Authors: Gunjan Kumar, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Akanksha Srivastava, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Rajiv Bahl, Jose Martines, Maharaj Kishan Bhan, Nita Bhandari and Sarmila Mazumder

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) educational program focuses on training of first-level birth attendants in neonatal resuscitation skills for the first minute of life (The Golden Minute). Pre-post studies of H...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Akash Bang, Kunal Kurhe, Savita Bhargav, Amber Prakash, Spoorthy Arramraj and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:324

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is a medical condition resulting from either pre-existing diabetes or insulin resistance developed during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperglycemia in ...

    Authors: Safiness Simon Msollo, Haikael David Martin, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri and Pammla Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Globally in 2017 neonatal death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths. Nepal is among the developing countries which has a high number of neonatal deaths. The rates are high among poor socio-economic groups, ...

    Authors: Keshab Sanjel, Sharad Raj Onta, Archana Amatya and Prem Basel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:310

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Healthcare providers are the vital link between evidence-based policies and women receiving high quality maternity care. Explanations for suboptimal care often include poor working conditions for staff and a l...

    Authors: Rachel Arnold, Edwin van Teijlingen, Kath Ryan and Immy Holloway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:307

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Physical activity (PA) and dietary intake are important modifiable factors associated with health outcomes. However, Chinese pregnant women’s PA and dietary intake are only vaguely understood. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Mi Xiang, Jing Zhang, Huigang Liang, Zhiruo Zhang, Masayuki Konishi, Huanhuan Hu, Mio Nishimaki, Hyeon-Ki Kim, Hiroki Tabata, Hisao Shimizu, Takashi Arao and Shizuo Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:295

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Increasing the utilization of facility-based care for women and newborns in low-resource settings can reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Men influence whether women and newborns receive care ...

    Authors: Jesse A. Greenspan, Joy J. Chebet, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Maurus Mpunga, Peter J. Winch, Japhet Killewo, Abdullah H. Baqui and Shannon A. McMahon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:293

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Male partner antenatal clinic (ANC) attendance may improve maternal uptake of maternal child health (MCH) services.

    Authors: Beryne Odeny, Christine J. McGrath, Agnes Langat, Jillian Pintye, Benson Singa, John Kinuthia, Abraham Katana, Lucy Ng’ang’a and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:284

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Provision of family planning services during the immediate post-partum phase is considered effective and cost-efficient for promoting healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies. This research aims to test the e...

    Authors: Xaher Gul, Waqas Hameed, Sharmeen Hussain, Ishaque Sheikh and Junaid-ur-Rehman Siddiqui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:283

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Until recently, Zika virus (ZIKV) infections were considered mild and self-limiting. Since 2015, they have been associated with an increase in microcephaly and other birth defects in newborns. While this assoc...

    Authors: Jill F. Lebov, Juan F. Arias, Angel Balmaseda, William Britt, José F. Cordero, Luiz Augusto Galvão, Ana Lucía Garces, K. Michael Hambidge, Eva Harris, Albert Ko, Nancy Krebs, Ernesto T. A. Marques, Alexander M. Martinez, Elizabeth McClure, Democrito B. Miranda-Filho, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:282

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Egypt has seen substantial decreases in maternal mortality and reached near universal coverage for antenatal care (ANC). The objective of this paper is to describe the changes over time (1991–2014) in the use ...

    Authors: Miguel Pugliese-Garcia, Emma Radovich, Nevine Hassanein, Oona M. R. Campbell, Karima Khalil and Lenka Benova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:268

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Gestational weight gain (GWG) has implications for perinatal outcomes, the guidelines for maternal weight gain, however, remain understudied among twin pregnancies. This study aimed to assess the associations ...

    Authors: Dongxin Lin, Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Gengdong Chen, Pengsheng Li, Huiting Ma, Shaoxin Ye, Jiaming Rao, Huishan Zhang, Meng Zeng, Yan Liu, Xiaoling Guo and Zhengping Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:262

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite the many maternal healthcare policy programmes in Ghana such as free the antenatal care (ANC) and the fee-exemption policy under the National Health Insurance Scheme, among others, the country has yet ...

    Authors: Joshua Sumankuuro, Memuna Yankasa Mahama, Judith Crockett, Shaoyu Wang and Jeanine Young

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:260

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare, catastrophic disease affecting women in the third trimester of pregnancy or in the post-partum period. It is usually a diagnosis of exclusion and requires a str...

    Authors: Enesia Ziki, Shingi Bopoto, M. G. Madziyire and D. Madziwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:259

    Content type: Case report

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  31. In many low and low-middle income countries, the incidence of polyhydramnios is unknown, in part because ultrasound technology is not routinely used. Our objective was to report the incidence of polyhydramnios...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Robert Nathan, Adrien Lokangaka, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Daniel Ishoso, Antoinette Tshefu, Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, Margo S. Harrison, Dennis Wallace, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Nancy Krebs, Michael Hambidge, Waldemar Carlo…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:258

    Content type: Research article

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  32. There is some evidence that suggests misoprostol may supplement the action of oxytocin in preventing post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of the admini...

    Authors: Frederick Morfaw, Mercy Fundoh, Christopher Pisoh, Bi Ayaba, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Laura N. Anderson and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:257

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The maternal mortality rate in Lao PDR (Laos) is still the highest in Southeast Asia, at 197 per 100,000 live births. Antenatal care (ANC) could contribute to maternal and child mortality reduction. The qualit...

    Authors: Sysavanh Phommachanh, Dirk R. Essink, Maaike Jansen, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse, Pamela Wright and Mayfong Mayxay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:255

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Globally, prematurity is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality contributing 30–40% of neonatal mortality. The consequences of preterm deliveries are enormous with developmental and childhood complicat...

    Authors: Ernest Konadu Aseidu, Delia Akosua Bandoh, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Afari, Kofi Mensah Nyarko and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Dien Bien Province in northwest Vietnam is predominantly populated with ethnic minority groups, who experience worse maternal and child health outcomes than the general population. Various factors are associat...

    Authors: Shannon McKinn, Duong Thuy Linh, Kirsty Foster and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Ragged placental membranes is a distinct entity from retained placenta and not uncommonly reported in midwifery texts. Although the incidence of postpartum endometritis is merely 1–5% after vaginal births, it ...

    Authors: Hian Yan Voon, Jun Yan Pow, Lee Na Tan, Haris Njoo Suharjono and Wan Sim Teo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Abnormalities of blood cell counts and of cytokine profiles in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been reported in several studies. Although their cause-effect relationships to HDP are n...

    Authors: Yohana Silas Mtali, Magdalena Amani Lyimo, Lucio Luzzatto and Siriel Nanzia Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:237

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), maternal and foetal anemia. In Tanzania, some areas have attained low malaria transmission. However, data on th...

    Authors: Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Minzi OMS, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The incidence of post cesarean intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the independent risk factors associated with it were retrospectively studied at a tertiary referral hospital in Egypt.

    Authors: Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Khaled Gomaa, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Youssef, Ahmed K. Abdelhakeem, Heba Hassan, Ahmed Abd Alghany and Saad El Gelany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Grand multiparity is a major public health concern especially among developing countries and has been associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes compared with women of lesser parity. Th...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Larissa Pone Simo, Jean Jacques Noubiap and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  41. While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during ch...

    Authors: Lilian T. Mselle, Thecla W. Kohi and Justine Dol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Increased encounters with the healthcare system at multiple levels have the potential to improve maternal and newborn outcomes. The literature is replete with evidence on the impact of antenatal care and postn...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Joseph Perosky, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Phil Veliz, Gertrude Musonda, Jameson Kaunda, Carol J. Boyd, Rachael Bonawitz, Godfrey Biemba, Thandiwe Ngoma and Nancy Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Grand multiparity has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as post-partum hemorrhage,gestational hypertension, gestationaldiabetes mellitus and high perinatal mortality.There...

    Authors: Zainab Muniro, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande, Eusebious Maro and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Low birthweight (LBW) remains the most important risk factor which attributed to mortality of 15–20% of newborns across the globe. An infant with low birthweight is more likely to have stunting in childhood an...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma, Teshale Fikadu, Eskeziyaw Agdew, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu, Zeritu Dewana and Bereket Getachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Despite an increased number of infants born with macrosomia globally, low birth weight infants have currently attracted more attention. Macrosomia is a growing problem in most developing countries and it direc...

    Authors: Freweini Gebrearegay Tela, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu and Kidanemariam Berhe Tekola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: