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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel disease which has been having a worldwide affect since December 2019. Evidence regarding the effects of SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy is conflicting. The presen...

    Authors: Anna Suy, Itziar Garcia-Ruiz, Melchor Carbonell, Pablo Garcia-Manau, Carlota Rodo, Nerea Maiz, Elena Sulleiro, Andres Anton, Juliana Esperalba, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Marie Antoinette Frick, Fatima Camba, Tomas Pumarola and Elena Carreras

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. An accumulating body of literature indicates that magnesium deficiency is associated with a number of hormone-related conditions (HRC) in women, and epidemiological studies are needed to assess its prevalence ...

    Authors: Svetlana Orlova, Galina Dikke, Gisele Pickering, Natalya Yaltseva, Sofya Konchits, Kirill Starostin and Alina Bevz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The amniotic fluid is a protective liquid present in the amniotic sac. Two types of amniotic fluid disorders have been identified. First refers to polyhydramnios, which is an immoderate volume of amniotic flui...

    Authors: H. Bakhsh, H. Alenizy, S. Alenazi, S. Alnasser, N. Alanazi, M. Alsowinea, L. Alharbi and B. Alfaifi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Health literacy is a vital strategy to consider when designing health-promoting programs, and health literacy is a priority in Qatar’s national health agenda. In the context of pregnancy, inadequate health lit...

    Authors: Sarah Naja, Rowaida Elyamani, Abdullah Al Ibrahim, Noora Al Kubaisi, Rayan Itani and Palli AbdulRouf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Previous studies have noted traditional physical, demographic, and obstetrical predictors of inadequate or excess gestational weight gain, but the roles of psychological and behavioral factors are not well est...

    Authors: Yu Yang Feng, Zhijie Michael Yu, Sherry van Blyderveen, Louis Schmidt, Wendy Sword, Meredith Vanstone, Anne Biringer, Helen McDonald, Joseph Beyene and Sarah Diana McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Investigation of the microbiome during early life has stimulated an increasing number of cohort studies in pregnant and breastfeeding women that require non-invasive biospecimen collection. The objective of th...

    Authors: Dominick J. Lemas, Lauren Wright, Elizabeth Flood-Grady, Magda Francois, Lynn Chen, Austen Hentschel, Xinsong Du, Chu J. Hsiao, Huan Chen, Josef Neu, Ryan P. Theis, Elizabeth Shenkman and Janice Krieger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) is a rare condition when at least two pregnancies are present simultaneously at different implantation sites and only one located in the uterine cavity. The majority of cases are dia...

    Authors: Anna Kajdy, Katarzyna Muzyka-Placzyńska, Dagmara Filipecka-Tyczka, Jan Modzelewski, Marek Stańczyk and Michał Rabijewski

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:61

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Severe early onset (less than 34 weeks gestation) intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects 0.1% of pregnant women in Australia and is associated with a 3-fold increased risk of stillbirth, fetal hyp...

    Authors: William M. Hague, Leonie Callaway, Jennifer Chambers, Lucy Chappell, Suzette Coat, Jiska de Haan-Jebbink, Marloes Dekker, Peter Dixon, Jodie Dodd, Maria Fuller, Sanne Gordijn, Dorothy Graham, Oskari Heikinheimo, Annemarie Hennessy, Risto Kaaja, Teck Yee Khong…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. In recent years, first-trimester intrauterine hematoma (IUH) has become increasingly common in twin pregnancy. The majority of studies on IUH have excluded twin pregnancies, and others did not differentiate be...

    Authors: Wanqing Ji, Bo Hou, Weidong Li, Fang Guo, Ping He and Jie Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Gestational weight gain (GWG) can have implications for the health of both mother and child. However, the contributing factors remain unclear. Despite the advantages of using a biopsychosocial approach, this a...

    Authors: S. M. Garay, L. A. Sumption, R. M. Pearson and R. M. John

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Suicidal behaviors cover a range or continuum of acts from suicidal ideations to a series of actions, commonly known as suicidal attempts or deliberate self-harms. Though different mental disorders related stu...

    Authors: Leul Belachew Zewdu, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Niguse Yigzaw and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Maternal admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) during pregnancy or in the postpartum period is a marker of severe acute maternal morbidity. Mechanical ventilation is an important and basic method of maint...

    Authors: Huiying Zhao, Guangjie Wang, Jie Lyu, Xiaohong Zhang and Youzhong An

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To examine differences in the maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of Chinese women with various causes of infertility who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) with embryonic cryopreservation trea...

    Authors: Jingxue Wang, Qiwei Liu, Boer Deng, Fang Chen, Xiaowei Liu and Jiumei Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although uterine fibroids are a common gynecologic neoplasm, uterine diverticulum accompanied by a uterine fibroid is unique. In addition, pregnancy complicated with uterine diverticulum is extremely rare. We ...

    Authors: Erina Akashi, Tatsuya Ishiguro, Taro Nonaka, Akiko Kobayashi, Koichi Takakuwa and Takayuki Enomoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:34

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has been reported to play a key role in placental development during normal pregnancy. However, the question of whether endometrial IDO expression affects in vitro fertilizati...

    Authors: Su Liu, Ling Hong, Yuye Li, Ruochun Lian, Xiaohui Wang and Yong Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Underweight and overweight may affect reproduction and interfere with treatment of infertility. In the present retrospective analysis, we sought to evaluate the effect of low body mass index (BMI) on pregnancy...

    Authors: Shengluan Tang, Jialyu Huang, Jiaying Lin and Yanping Kuang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:32

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pregnancy associated cancer (PAC) may lead to adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes. This study aims to assess the association between PACs and adverse perinatal outcomes [i.e. labor induction, iatrogenic de...

    Authors: Giovanna Esposito, Matteo Franchi, Michela Dalmartello, Giovanna Scarfone, Eva Negri, Fabio Parazzini, Carlo La Vecchia and Giovanni Corrao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This paper reports the development of a co-produced e-resource to support those who have experienced childhood sexual abuse through pregnancy, birth, and parenthood. These are times of major transition for any...

    Authors: Elsa Montgomery, Julia S. Seng and Yan-Shing Chang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Disseminated tuberculosis (TB) is a fatal disease resulting from hematogenous dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Spontaneous pregnancy rate of women with TB is low; furthermore, live birth, spontaneous ...

    Authors: Ming Cheng, Tao Yuan and Ying Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:27

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The maternal use of paracetamol during pregnancy has been associated with the development of preeclampsia. This study aims to clarify whether the connection is causal or whether it is due to reverse causation.

    Authors: Hetti von Hellens, Leea Keski-Nisula and Heidi Sahlman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and childhood body weight remains controversial, and additional study is needed, especially in Asian populations.

    Authors: Jiajin Hu, Yilin Liu, Xiaotong Wei, Lin Li, Ming Gao, Yang Liu, Yanan Ma and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Nausea and vomiting are experienced by most women during pregnancy. The onset is usually related to Last Menstrual Period (LMP) the date of which is often unreliable. This study describes the time to onset of ...

    Authors: Roger Gadsby, Diana Ivanova, Emma Trevelyan, Jane L. Hutton and Sarah Johnson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Racial disparities in adverse perinatal outcomes have been studied in other countries, but little has been done for the Canadian population. In this study, we sought to examine the disparities in adverse perin...

    Authors: Na Zeng, Erica Erwin, Wendy Wen, Daniel J. Corsi, Shi Wu Wen and Yanfang Guo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The rate at which mothers experience a cesarean section in the absence of medical signs is growing worldwide. Women’s beliefs and intentions play an essential role in the request or choice of a delivery method...

    Authors: Seyed Abolhassan Naghibi, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Mahmood Moosazadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:5

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Both genetic susceptibility and dysregulated lipid metabolism are important susceptibilities to preeclampsia. In the study, we devote to investigate the associations of FOXO3 and TLR7 genetic polymorphisms wit...

    Authors: Xuefeng Pan, Benjie Wei, Hong Wang, Lingyu Ma, Zhaoli Du and Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:779

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Despite the extensive research on fertility desires among women the world over, there is a relative dearth of literature on the desire for more children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This study, therefore, exam...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Eugene Budu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Ebenezer Agbaglo and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:778

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In contrast to severe gestational hypertension, it is questioned whether antihypertensive medication for mild to moderate gestational hypertension prevents adverse maternal and offspring outcomes. Hypertensive...

    Authors: Eva Mulder, Chahinda Ghossein-Doha, Evine Appelman, Sander van Kuijk, Luc Smits, Rogier van der Zanden, Joris van Drongelen and Marc Spaanderman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:775

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. The decision to initiate pharmacotherapy is integral in the care for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We sought to compare pregnancy outcomes between two threshold percentages of elevat...

    Authors: Rachel K. Harrison, Meredith Cruz, Ashley Wong, Caroline Davitt and Anna Palatnik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:773

    Content type: Research article

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  29. As cannabis consumption is increasing globally, including among pregnant women, there is a critical need to understand the effects of cannabis on fetal development and birth outcomes. We had two objectives: to...

    Authors: Camilla A. Michalski, Rayjean J. Hung, Ryan A. Seeto, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Jennifer D. Brooks, Joanna Henderson, Robert Levitan, Stephen J. Lye, Stephen G. Matthews and Julia A. Knight

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:771

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Maternal wellbeing and quality of life (QOL) are increasingly being recognized as important for healthy pregnancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a pharmacist consultation on pregnant...

    Authors: Maria Bich-Thuy Truong, Elin Ngo, Hilde Ariansen, Ross T. Tsuyuki and Hedvig Nordeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:766

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Preterm birth (occurring before 37 completed weeks of gestation) affects 15 million infants annually, 7.5% of which die due to related complications. The detection and early diagnosis are therefore paramount i...

    Authors: Evangelia Elenis, Anna-Karin Wikström and Marija Simic

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:764

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy-specific carbohydrate intolerance Which can cause a large number of perinatal and postpartum complications. The members of Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β...

    Authors: Yinglei Xu, Chunlian Wei, Cuijiao Wu, Mengmeng Han, Jingli Wang, Huabin Hou, Lu Zhang, Shiguo Liu and Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:759

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Anxiety among women in the perinatal period is common. Assessing the severity of perinatal anxiety will help monitor the progress of the patient through the stages of anxiety and facilitated the treatment. Thi...

    Authors: Hoda Jradi, Thikrayat Alfarhan and Anas Alsuraimi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:758

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Gestational weight interventions are important in maternity care to counteract adverse pregnancy events. However, qualitative findings indicate potential obstacles in the implementation of interventions due to...

    Authors: Anne Christenson, Jarl Torgerson and Erik Hemmingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:755

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The effect of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women and newborns is incompletely understood. Preliminary data shows a rather fluctuating course of the disease from asymptomatic or mild symptoms to maternal de...

    Authors: Amal Ayed, Alia Embaireeg, Asmaa Benawadh, Wadha Al-Fouzan, Majdeda Hammoud, Monif Al-Hathal, Abeer Alzaydai, Ashraf Ahmad and Mariam Ayed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:754

    Content type: Research article

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  36. If not detected and treated, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can cause serious pregnancy complications such as macrosomia, preeclampsia, and fetal/neonatal mortality. Many studies have examined underlying ...

    Authors: Esra Ozbasli, Ozguc Takmaz, Emine Karabuk and Mete Gungor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:752

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Low birthweight (LBW) remains an important global health problem, associated with a range of adverse life-course health outcomes. Evidence suggests that LBW is a relevant determinant of morbidity and mortality...

    Authors: Carla Tatiana Garcia Barreto, Felipe Guimarães Tavares, Mariza Theme-Filha, Yasmin Nascimento Farias, Lídia de Nazaré Pantoja and Andrey Moreira Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:748

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:781

  38. While pregnancy-related malignancies are quite rare, their incidence is increasing and thus affecting more and more women nowadays. Their management, however, with both chemotherapy and supportive agents remai...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Nikolaos Dedes, Alkistis Papatheodoridi, Michael Liontos and Meletios Athanasios Dimopoulos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:747

    Content type: Review

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  39. Maternal health during pregnancy is a key input in fetal health and child development. This study aims to systematically describe the health behaviors of pregnant women in rural China and identify which subgro...

    Authors: Yue Ma, Yujuan Gao, Jason Li, Andrew Sun, Baozhu Wang, Jun Zhang, Sarah-Eve Dill, Alexis Medina and Scott Rozelle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:745

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pregnant women without complications are advised to engage in physical activity (PA) to mitigate adverse outcomes. Differences may exist among pregnant women of diverging diabetes status in meeting national PA...

    Authors: Bethany G. Rand, Tammie M. Johnson, Samantha F. Ehrlich, Laurie Wideman, James M. Pivarnik, Michael R. Richardson, Michelle L. Stone and James R. Churilla

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:743

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Smoking in pregnancy constitutes a preventable risk factor for fetal/child development and maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) seems to contain a momentum that can break the chain of adverse outcomes by promoting ...

    Authors: Heidi Jussila, Juho Pelto, Riikka Korja, Eeva Ekholm, Marjukka Pajulo, Linnea Karlsson and Hasse Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:741

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several studies have investigated the correlation between the serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes in controlled ovarian stimulation cycles; however, studies regar...

    Authors: Kenji Ezoe, Xiaowen Ni, Tamotsu Kobayashi and Keiichi Kato

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:740

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mothers with hypertensive disorder of pregnancy can be managed with either immediate or delayed induction of labour with expectant monitoring of both mother and baby. There are risks and benefits associated wi...

    Authors: Jia Li, Xuecheng Shao, Shurong Song, Qian Liang, Yang Liu and Xiaojin Qi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:735

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Self-reported pre-pregnancy weight and weight measured in the first trimester are both used to estimate pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) but there is limited information on...

    Authors: Thaís Rangel Bousquet Carrilho, Kathleen M. Rasmussen, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Nathalia Cristina Freitas Costa, Mônica Araújo Batalha, Michael E. Reichenheim, Eric O. Ohuma, Jennifer A. Hutcheon and Gilberto Kac

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:734

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are associated with high maternal mortality in Ghana and globally. Evidence shows that there is poor availability of pregnancy-related point-of-care (POC) tests in Gha...

    Authors: Desmond Kuupiel, Kwame Manu Adu, Vitalis Bawontuo, Philip T. N. Tabong, Duncan A. Adogboba and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:733

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The optimal objective of infertility treatments is to increase pregnancy rate. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a collaborative counseling program on pregnancy rate in women undergoing ...

    Authors: Mahboobeh Rasoulzadeh Bidgoli, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:728

    Content type: Research article

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