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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Health care providers should counsel pregnant patients on physical activity and nutrition to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, little is known about provider advice on these lifestyle behaviors among women ...

    Authors: Kara M. Whitaker, Meghan Baruth, Rebecca A. Schlaff, Hailee Talbot, Christopher P. Connolly, Jihong Liu and Sara Wilcox

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy and obstetric complications. The “healthy living in pregnancy” (GeliS) study was performed in a routine care setting wi...

    Authors: Julia Hoffmann, Julia Günther, Kristina Geyer, Lynne Stecher, Kathrin Rauh, Julia Kunath, Dorothy Meyer, Christina Sitzberger, Monika Spies, Eva Rosenfeld, Luzia Kick, Renate Oberhoffer and Hans Hauner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To assess the maternal characteristics and nutritional status according to body mass index (BMI) at 6–14 weeks of gestation and to examine the relationship between maternal nutritional status in early pregnanc...

    Authors: Bishwajit Bhowmik, Tasnima Siddique, Anindita Majumder, Ibrahimu Mdala, Israt A. Hossain, Zahid Hassan, Ishrat Jahan, Nayla Cristina do V. Moreira, Abdul Alim, Abdul Basit, Graham A. Hitman, Abul Kalam A. Khan and Akhtar Hussain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Mental disorders in pregnancy are common causes of morbidity and mortality with associated risks of adverse neonatal outcomes. Our aims were to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported mental disorders in wome...

    Authors: David Mongan, Janine Lynch, Donncha Hanna, Ciaran Shannon, Shona Hamilton, Claire Potter, Colin Gorman, Orlagh McCambridge, Rachel Morrow and Ciaran Mulholland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:412

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Studies of healthcare service use during the pregnancy-postpartum cycle often rely on self-reported data. The reliability of self-reported information is often questioned as administrative data or medical reco...

    Authors: Lina Sofia Morón-Duarte, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Diego G. Bassani, Andrea Dâmaso Bertoldi, Marlos R. Domingues, Fernando C. Wehrmeister and Mariangela Freitas Silveira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:410

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Incarceration of the gravid uterus is a rare obstetric disorder that contributes to pregnancy-related complications. To understand its clinical characteristics and managements, we have reviewed the etiology, r...

    Authors: Cha Han, Chen Wang, Lulu Han, Guoyan Liu, Huiyang Li, Fuman She, Fengxia Xue and Yingmei Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:408

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Japan has an exceptionally high proportion of low-weight births and underweight women. It has been suggested that an appropriate increase in gestational weight gain (GWG) for underweight women will help to pre...

    Authors: Noriko SATO and Naoyuki MIYASAKA

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:402

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using an activity-tracking device (ATD) during pregnancy and compare self-reported to ATD-calculated energy expenditure in a 2-phase study.

    Authors: Michelle A. Kominiarek, Lauren C. Balmert, Hallie Tolo, William Grobman and Melissa Simon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:401

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The optimal criteria to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remain contested. The Swedish National Board of Health introduced the 2013 WHO criteria in 2015 as a recommendation for initiation of treatm...

    Authors: Helena Fadl, Maryam Saeedi, Scott Montgomery, Anders Magnuson, Erik Schwarcz, Kerstin Berntorp, Verena Sengpiel, Elisabeth Storck-Lindholm, Helena Strevens, Anna-Karin Wikström, Sophia Brismar-Wendel, Martina Persson, Stefan Jansson, Fredrik Ahlsson, Carina Ursing, Linda Ryen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:398

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are characterized by hemodynamic disturbances. Altered thyroid function is a risk factor for poor outcomes of pregnancy. However, the associations between thyroid func...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Bo Gao, Xin Zeng, Jing Yang, Lei Zhang, Ganwei Xu, Ruizhe Jia and Zhengfeng Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:396

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The management of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) during pregnancy remains challenging as both the maternal and fetal outcomes should be considered. Several reports suggested that chemotherapy can be administered...

    Authors: Abdullah M. Alrajhi, Sarah A. Alhazzani, Nouf M. Alajaji, Fouad H. Alnajjar, Nawal F. Alshehry and Imran K. Tailor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:394

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a global health problem with increased risk and morbidities during pregnancy. This study investigated the magnitude of viral STIs among pregnant women from three rural...

    Authors: Gilbert Ng’wamkai, Kalista V. Msigwa, Damas Chengula, Frank Mgaya, Clotilda Chuma, Betrand Msemwa, Vitus Silago, Mtebe Majigo, Stephen E. Mshana and Mariam M. Mirambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The historically high cesarean section rate and the recent change in second-child policy could increase the risk of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) in China. This study aims to assess risk factors and consequenc...

    Authors: Ri-hua Xie, Xiaoyan Guo, Meng Li, Yan Liao, Laura Gaudet, Mark Walker, Huizhong Lei and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:383

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Diagnosis and management of non-obstetric abdominal pathologies during pregnancy are clinically challenging for both obstetricians and general surgeons. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of pregnant patients...

    Authors: J. Vujic, K. Marsoner, A. H. Lipp-Pump, P. Klaritsch, H. J. Mischinger and P. Kornprat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:382

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pregnancy after kidney transplantation has been considered as high risk for maternal and fetal complications. After careful patient selection successful pregnancies are described. Little is known about fetal o...

    Authors: Friederike Bachmann, Klemens Budde, Marie Gerland, Cornelia Wiechers, Nils Heyne, Silvio Nadalin, Sara Brucker and Cornelia Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:376

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Endometriosis is a common disease occurring in 1–2% of all women of reproductive age. Although there is increasing evidence on the association between endometriosis and adverse perinatal outcomes, little is kn...

    Authors: Mayo Miura, Takafumi Ushida, Kenji Imai, Jingwen Wang, Yoshinori Moriyama, Tomoko Nakano-Kobayashi, Satoko Osuka, Fumitaka Kikkawa and Tomomi Kotani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:373

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Excess gestational weight gain has long- and short-term implications for women and children, and postpartum weight retention is associated with an increased risk of long-term obesity. Despite the existence of ...

    Authors: Beth Murray-Davis, Lindsay Grenier, Stephanie A. Atkinson, Michelle F. Mottola, Olive Wahoush, Lehana Thabane, Feng Xie, Jennifer Vickers-Manzin, Caroline Moore and Eileen K. Hutton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:368

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Research on antenatal depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is lacking in Malaysia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated wi...

    Authors: Kai Wei Lee, Siew Mooi Ching, Fan Kee Hoo, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Seng Choi Chong, Maiza Tusimin and Noraihan Mohd Nordin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:367

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy in the world. While pregnancy during adolescence poses higher risks for the mother and the baby, the utilisation of maternity care to mitigate th...

    Authors: Tensae Mekonnen, Tinashe Dune and Janette Perz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:366

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pregnancy in patients with pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased risk of maternal and fetal death. Physiological changes during pregnancy, labor and the postpartum period may all lead to acute de...

    Authors: Luca Valko, Gyorgyi Csosza, Akos Merei, Diana Muhl, Reka Faludi, Kristof Karlocai, Andras Lorx and Janos Gal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:365

    Content type: Case report

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  21. There was a wider disparity in the diet characterization among most studies on diet and pregnancy outcomes in different countries, and the research in northern China is limited. Therefore, the purpose of the p...

    Authors: Liyan Huang, Li Shang, Wenfang Yang, Danyang Li, Cuifang Qi, Juan Xin, Shanshan Wang, Liren Yang, Lingxia Zeng and Mei Chun Chung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:362

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study investigated the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) identified on routine prenatal screening and perinatal outcomes for mother and infant.

    Authors: Karina Chaves, John Eastwood, Felix A. Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Sarah Khanlari and Andrew Page

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Adverse pregnancy outcomes remain a prevalent health problem in Ethiopia. Mothers’ use of preconception care service has the potential to avert many of the adverse outcomes. However, the use of this service an...

    Authors: Tsrity Tadese Asresu, Desta Hailu, Berhe Girmay, Mulugeta Woldu Abrha and Haftom Gebrehiwot Weldearegay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:347

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The rate of cesarean section is increasing worldwide. Adiponectin is a hormone related to anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects; and it′s concentrations may change in response to inflammatory situatio...

    Authors: Seyedeh Razieh Fazeli Daryasari, Najmeh Tehranian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Fatemeh Razavinia, Fatemeh Tork Tatari and Fattaneh Pahlavan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:344

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Preeclampsia (PE) is a major cause of short and long-term morbidity for affected infants, including consequences of fetal growth restriction and iatrogenic prematurity. In Brazil, this is a special problem as ...

    Authors: Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Leandro De Oliveira, Arundhanthi Jeyabalan, Beth Payne, Christopher W. Redman, Laura Magee, Lucilla Poston, Lucy Chappell, Paul Seed, Peter von Dadelszen and James Michael Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:343

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Women of advanced maternal age (AMA) are a growing population, with higher obstetric risks. The Mediterranean population has specific characteristics different from other areas. Thus, the objective of this stu...

    Authors: Marta Claramonte Nieto, Eva Meler Barrabes, Sandra Garcia Martínez, Mireia Gutiérrez Prat and Bernat Serra Zantop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:342

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Vaginal infections usually caused by Candida sp, organisms responsible for bacterial vaginosis and Trichomonas vaginalis are associated with considerable discomfort and adverse outcomes during pregnancy and child...

    Authors: Dennis Gyasi Konadu, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Zuwera Yidana, Farrid Boadu, Louisa Fatahiya Iddrisu, Dennis Adu-Gyasi, David Dosoo, Robert Lartey Awuley, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Kwaku Poku Asante

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:341

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Timely initiation of antenatal care can avoid pregnancy related problems and save lives of mothers and babies. In developing nations, however, only half of the pregnant mothers receive the recommended number o...

    Authors: Berhanu Gebresilassie, Tilahun Belete, Weyzer Tilahun, Betell Berhane and Senait Gebresilassie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:340

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pregnant women who are at risk of preterm birth are often stressed, anxious and depressed because of worries and fears related to the health of the unborn baby, their own health and uncertainty about the futur...

    Authors: Henrika Pulliainen, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Eeva Ekholm and Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Affecting approximately 10% of pregnancies, fetal growth restriction (FGR), is the most important cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Impaired placental function and consequent mal-perfusion of the pla...

    Authors: T. Groten, T. Lehmann and E. Schleußner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:336

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Globally, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising, but it is a neglected health threat to mothers and their children in low resource countries. Although, GDM is known in Ethiopia, information regarding i...

    Authors: Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Oladapo O. Olayemi and Yigzaw Kebede Gete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:334

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Peripartum depression is a leading cause of disease burden for women and yet there is little evidence as to how often peripartum depression does not respond to treatment and becomes treatment resistant depress...

    Authors: M. Soledad Cepeda, David M. Kern and Susan Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:323

    Content type: Research article

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  33. High Body Mass Index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) affect an increasing number of pregnancies. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has issued recommendations on the optimal GWG for women according to the...

    Authors: Ewelina Rogozińska, Javier Zamora, Nadine Marlin, Ana Pilar Betrán, Arne Astrup, Annick Bogaerts, Jose G. Cecatti, Jodie M. Dodd, Fabio Facchinetti, Nina R. W. Geiker, Lene A. H. Haakstad, Hans Hauner, Dorte M. Jensen, Tarja I. Kinnunen, Ben W. J. Mol, Julie Owens…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In most countries in the world, promotion of maternal and child health is perceived as women’s role and men do not feel that they are responsible and see no reason to accompany their partners to Antenatal Care...

    Authors: Elizabeth Kabanga, Alfred Chibwae, Namanya Basinda and Domenica Morona

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:321

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Studies showed that pregnant women generally value routine ultrasounds in the first two trimesters because these provide reassurance and a chance to see their unborn baby. This, in turn, might help to decrease...

    Authors: Myrte Westerneng, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Anke B. Witteveen, Marjan J. Westerman, Henriette E. van der Horst, Anneloes L. van Baar and Ank de Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:319

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Cobalamin metabolism disorders are rare, inherited diseases which cause megaloblastic anaemia and other clinical manifestations. Early diagnosis of these conditions is essential, in order to allow appropriate ...

    Authors: Elvira Grandone, Pasquale Martinelli, Michela Villani, Gennaro Vecchione, Lucia Fischetti, Angelica Leccese, Rosa Santacroce, Gaetano Corso and Maurizio Margaglione

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:318

    Content type: Case report

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  37. This study aims to evaluate the curative effect and complications in cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) patients treated with a transvaginal injection of absolute ethanol (AE) around the gestation sac (GS) under ul...

    Authors: Fangfang Lu, Yuanming Liu and Wenjun Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Pelvic alignment changes during pregnancy and post-childbirth. Pelvic belts exert external forces that compress and stabilize the joints, and therefore, could influence pelvic alignment. However, limited infor...

    Authors: Saori Morino, Mika Ishihara, Fumiko Umezaki, Hiroko Hatanaka, Mamoru Yamashita, Rika Kawabe and Tomoki Aoyama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:305

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Screening for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) is clinically important for identifying women at high risk, and planning early preventative interventions to improve pregnancy outcomes. Several studies ...

    Authors: Dalau Mukadi Nkamba, John Ditekemena, Gilbert Wembodinga, Pierre Bernard, Antoinette Tshefu and Annie Robert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Physiological changes during pregnancy, foetal growth and development increase the requirement for Iron and Folic Acid. The increased demand of these nutrients is not meet through diet alone due to decreased b...

    Authors: Habtamu Assefa, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:296

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and puerperal periods is significantly higher than during the non-pregnant period and is one of the major causes of maternal mortality. Developed count...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Yan Dai, Jing Song, Ling Wei, Ying Ma, Ning Tian, Qian Wang, Qian Zhang, Yue Zhang, Xiao Lan Wang, Jun Zhang and Rong Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:294

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Spontaneous pregnancy loss and implantation failure after assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are very common occurrences. Although 50–60% of all cases remains unexplained, various predisposing factors, i...

    Authors: Michela Villani, Domenico Baldini, Pasquale Totaro, Giovanni Larciprete, Mirjana Kovac, Domenico Carone, Serena Maria Passamonti, Eleonora Tamborini Permunian, Tiziana Bartolotti, Andrea Lojacono, Rossella Cacciola, Giuliano Lo Pinto, Eugenio Bucherini, Valerio De Stefano, Corrado Lodigiani, Cristina Lavopa…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:292

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. We aimed to study gestational weight gain (GWG) in a Singaporean population and compare it with Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines.

    Authors: Song He, John Carson Allen, Nurul Syaza Razali, Nyo Mie Win, Jun Jim Zhang, Mor Jack Ng, George Seow Heong Yeo, Bernard Su Min Chern and Kok Hian Tan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Antibiotics are standard treatment for asymptomatic and symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnancy. Their overuse, however, can contribute to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and expose the foetus ...

    Authors: Flavia Ghouri, Amelia Hollywood and Kath Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:289

    Content type: Research article

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  45. To compare the prevalence of preterm birth, post term birth, intra-uterine growth restriction and distribution of Apgar scores in offspring of foreign-born women in Western Australia with that of their Austral...

    Authors: Ifrah Abdullahi, Kingsley Wong, Emma Glasson, Raewyn Mutch, Nicholas de Klerk, Jenny Downs, Sarah Cherian and Helen Leonard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:287

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Fetal growth is dependent upon utero-placental vascular supply of oxygen and nutrients from the mother and has been proposed to be compromised by vigorous intensity exercise in the third trimester. The aim of ...

    Authors: Kassia S. Beetham, Courtney Giles, Michael Noetel, Vicki Clifton, Jacqueline C. Jones and Geraldine Naughton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:281

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common cause of maternal morbidity, and can lead to the development of diabetes later in life. Pre-pregnancy body weight is associated with the change in body mass inde...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Guang Song, Tao Meng, Ge Zhao and Songning Guo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:272

    Content type: Research article

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  48. To investigate the association between sociodemographic and obstetric variables and delays in care with maternal near misses (MNMs) and their health indicators.

    Authors: Telmo Henrique Barbosa de Lima, Melania Maria Amorim, Samir Buainain Kassar and Leila Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:271

    Content type: Research article

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