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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Abnormal gestational weight gain (GWG) is a prenatal complication that may contribute to long-term behavioral and neurodevelopmental differences in offspring. This systematic review summarizes research on the ...

    Authors: Sorayya Kheirouri and Mohammad Alizadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:645

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Global investments in neonatal survival have resulted in a growing number of children with morbidities surviving and requiring ongoing care. Little is known about the caregivers of these children in low- and m...

    Authors: Marie Claire Abimana, Egide Karangwa, Ibrahim Hakizimana, Catherine M. Kirk, Kathryn Beck, Ann C. Miller, Silas Havugarurema, Sadallah Bahizi, Alphonsine Uwamahoro, Kim Wilson, Mathieu Nemerimana and Alphonse Nshimyiryo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:643

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pregnant women’s exposure to secondhand smoke is a very serious health issue in China. The purpose of our research is to identify factors that predict the probability of exposure to secondhand smoke among preg...

    Authors: Jiangyun Chen, Xinhui Li and Pengqian Fang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:642

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Evidence-based medicine has shown that successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is associated with fewer complications than an elective repeat cesarean. Although spontaneous vaginal births and reductions...

    Authors: Qiuping Liao, Jinying Luo, Lianghui Zheng, Qing Han, Zhaodong Liu, Wei Qi, Tingting Yang and Jianying Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:639

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Observational data from the retrospective, non-randomized Pregnancy REmote MOnitoring I (PREMOM I) study showed that remote monitoring (RM) may be beneficial for prenatal observation of women at risk for gestatio...

    Authors: Dorien Lanssens, Inge M. Thijs and Wilfried Gyselaers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:626

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Preeclampsia/eclampsia is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet patients’ perspectives about their diagnosis are not well understood. Our study examines patient knowledge among women...

    Authors: Avina Joshi, Titus Beyuo, Samuel A. Oppong, Cheryl A. Moyer and Emma R. Lawrence

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:625

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Each day, approximately 810 women die during pregnancy and childbirth and 94% of the deaths take place in low and middle income countries. Only 45% of the births in South Asia are attended by skilled professio...

    Authors: Januka Khatiwada, Basilua Andre Muzembo, Koji Wada and Shunya Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:622

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is common and is likely to be associated with metabolic complications in the mother. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of two doses of vitamin D supplementa...

    Authors: Soudabe Motamed, Bahareh Nikooyeh, Maryam Kashanian, Maryam Chamani, Bruce W. Hollis and Tirang R. Neyestani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:619

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Given the importance of the childbirth experience, its effects on women’s life and society, and the need for its assessment by accurate instruments, this study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of...

    Authors: Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:616

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are reported as unintended and rates are highest among women of low socioeconomic status. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between u...

    Authors: Alanna M. Cruz-Bendezú, Grace V. Lovell, Brianna Roche, Meghan Perkins, Tiffany L. Blake-Lamb, Elsie M. Taveras and Meg Simione

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:615

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Postpartum depression is considered to be one of the most common health threats during pregnancy and postpartum, affecting not only the woman herself but also the offspring and the whole family system. Evidenc...

    Authors: Alexandra Johann and Ulrike Ehlert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:609

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a higher risk of cesarean delivery (CD) than glucose-tolerant women. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a risk score for predicting primary CD...

    Authors: Chadakarn Phaloprakarn and Siriwan Tangjitgamol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:607

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Low birthweight (LBW) is a significant public health issue, and maternal smoking is the most prevalent preventable cause of LBW. But there is limited evidence on association of LBW among children and cigarette...

    Authors: Ruiping Wang, Ting Sun, Qiong Yang, Qing Yang, Jian Wang, Huan Li, Yue Tang, Liang Yang and Jie Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:603

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Preterm birth (PTB; gestational age < 37 weeks) is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Low and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have been previously cited as risk factors for ...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Eick, Michael Welton, Mechelle D. Claridy, Skarlet G. Velasquez, Nicholas Mallis and José F. Cordero

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:599

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Although physical activity (PA) in pregnancy benefits most women, not much is known about pregnancy-related changes in PA and its association with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Heng Yaw Yong, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof, Zulida Rejali, Jacques Bindels, Yvonne Yee Siang Tee and Eline M. van der Beek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:597

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The management of pregnant women with sickle cell disease (SCD) poses a major challenge for maternal healthcare services owing to the potential for complications associated with morbidity and mortality. Trustw...

    Authors: Yasser S. Amer, Yasser Sabr, Ghada M. ElGohary, Amer M. Altaki, Osamah T. Khojah, Ahmed El-Malky and Musa F. Alzahrani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:595

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis during pregnancy (HTG-APP) is a rare but severe disease with high maternal-fetal mortality risk, which constitutes a systemic inflammatory process accompanied by...

    Authors: Longhuan Zeng, Xueying Cai, Jiayi Chen, Guangyong Jin and Yongke Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:592

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Several studies concluded that there is a reduction of maternal deaths with improved access to caesarean section, while other studies showed the existence of a direct association between the two variables. In ...

    Authors: Ayele Geleto, Catherine Chojenta, Tefera Taddele and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:588

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Facility-based childbirth has increased globally. Unfortunately, there have also been reports of women experiencing disrespect and abuse by healthcare providers during childbirth. This study aimed to measure t...

    Authors: Kana Shimoda, Sebalda Leshabari and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:584

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence rates and risks of pregnancy complications among nulliparous and multiparous women with advanced maternal age (AMA, ≥35 years) in China.

    Authors: Jiayou Luo, Chunli Fan, Miyang Luo, Junqun Fang, Shujin Zhou and Fenfang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:581

    Content type: Research article

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  21. During the ongoing global outbreak of COVID-19, pregnant women who are susceptible to COVID-19 should be highly concerned. The issue of vertical transmission and the possibility of neonatal infection is a majo...

    Authors: Dongmei Cao, Miaomiao Chen, Min Peng, Heng Yin and Guoqiang Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:580

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is the standard drug for eclampsia prophylaxis and treatment. In China, the effective therapeutic serum magnesium level is 1.8–3.0 mmol/L. There is little information on how to achieve a...

    Authors: Jingjing Li, Lian Tang, Ruiheng Tang, Lan Peng, Liqiang Chai, Liping Zhu and Yanxia Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:578

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The role of the male partner and wider family in maternal health, especially in case of emergencies, has been receiving increasing attention over the last decade. Qualitative research has highlighted that wome...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Malica De Melo, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:572

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Annually, 2.6 million stillbirths occur around the world, with approximately 98% occurring in low- and middle-income countries. The stillbirth rates in these countries are 10 times higher than the rates in hig...

    Authors: Khulood K. Shattnawi, Yousef S. Khader, Mohammad S. Alyahya, Nihaya Al-Sheyab and Anwar Batieha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:571

    Content type: Research article

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  25. While evidence has shown an association between place of birth and birth outcomes, factors contributing to the choice of home birth have not been adequately investigated in Tanzania while more than 30% of deli...

    Authors: Fabiola V. Moshi and Christopher H. Mbotwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In recent years, there have been many reports on the pregnancy outcomes of fresh blastocyst transfer (BT) and frozen-thawed BT, but the conclusions are controversial and incomplete. To compare the pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Meiling Yang, Li Lin, Chunli Sha, Taoqiong Li, Wujiang Gao, Lu Chen, Ying Wu, Yanping Ma and Xiaolan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:559

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Conventional cigarette (CC) smoking is one of the most preventable causes of adverse birth outcomes. Although electronic cigarettes (ECs) are considered to be safer than CCs during pregnancy, the evidence is y...

    Authors: Sooyong Kim and Sanda Cristina Oancea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Optimal pregnancy spacing is an important incidence in reproductive women’s health. Short or long pregnancy spacing leads to the greatest health, social and economic problems such as increase in maternal and i...

    Authors: Tania Dehesh, Elaheh Salarpour, Neda Malekmohammadi and Sepideh Arjomand Kermani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Fear of childbirth is related to but not synonymous with general anxiety, and represents a superior predictor for maternal and infant outcomes. There is a need to improve the identification and provision of su...

    Authors: P. Slade, K. Balling, K. Sheen and G. Houghton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:553

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The prolonged effects of disasters on reproductive outcomes among the survivors are less studied, and the findings are inconsistent. We examined the associations of maternal exposure to the 2008 Wenchuan earth...

    Authors: Qiguo Lian, Jiaying Ni, Jun Zhang, Julian Little, Shan Luo and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:552

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal problem during pregnancy, with an estimated prevalence ranging from 30–78% (Mota MJ et al. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 28(2):351-7,2015 and Abebe E et al. J Med...

    Authors: Gong Long, Zhang Yao Yao, Yang Na, Yi Ping, Sun Wei and Tan Mingsheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:551

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has lifelong implications for the woman and her infant. Treatment reduces adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes although uncertainty remains about the optimal diagnostic c...

    Authors: Caroline A. Crowther, Lesley M. E. McCowan, Janet A. Rowan, Richard Edlin and Christopher J. D. McKinlay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:547

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Heterotopic pregnancy occurred after frozen embryo transfer with two D3 embryos, and the case had a history of bilateral salpingectomy due to salpingocyesis. An ectopic heterotopic pregnancy was implanted in t...

    Authors: Xianping Wang, Ding Ma, Yangang Zhang, Yanhua Chen, Yuxia Zhang, Zhongyu Liu, Xingyu Bi, Xueqing Wu and Junmei Fan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:542

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Maternal influenza and pertussis vaccinations have been proven safe and effective in reducing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Though recommended, not all pregnant women receive these important vac...

    Authors: David Drezner, Michal Youngster, Hodaya Klainer and Ilan Youngster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Globally, the prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age is about 29.4%, and anemia impacts about 40% of pregnant women and more than 20% of non-pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal observatio...

    Authors: Yu Wu, Hanfeng Ye, Jihong Liu, Qiuyue Ma, Yanling Yuan, Qian Pang, Jue Liu, Cai Kong and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Accurately determining the normal range of early pregnancy markers can help to predict adverse pregnancy outcomes. The variance in ovulation days leads to uncertain accuracy of reference intervals for natural ...

    Authors: Yan Ouyang, Jiabi Qin, Ge Lin, Shuanglin Xiang and Xihong Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A prerequisite to the interventions for well-being improvement in high-risk pregnancy (HRP) is to make the concept clear, objective, and measurable. Despite the wealth of studies into the concept of well-being...

    Authors: Kobra Mirzakhani, Abbas Ebadi, Farhad Faridhosseini and Talaat Khadivzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Person-centered maternity care is providing care that is respectful and responsive to individual women’s preferences, needs, and values and ensuring that their values guide all clinical decisions during childb...

    Authors: Fentaw Teshome Dagnaw, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw, Aragaw Tesfaw Desale and Melaku Tadege Engdaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Previous studies in pregnancy have not focused in evaluating the effect of walking during pregnancy and prevention of insomnia. Our general objective is to determine the effect of a walking program in preventi...

    Authors: C. Amezcua-Prieto, M. Naveiro-Fuentes, N. Arco-Jiménez, R. Olmedo-Requena, R. Barrios-Rodríguez, I. Vico-Zúñiga, S. Manzanares Galán, J. Mozas-Moreno, J. J. Jiménez-Moleón and J. L. Gallo-Vallejo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:521

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Studies show that childbirth fear is a common problem among Iranian women. Therefore, most Iranian women prefer caesarean section for giving birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of a psychoeducatio...

    Authors: Laya Firouzan, Roghieh Kharaghani, Saeedeh Zenoozian, Reza Moloodi and Elham Jafari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The World Health Organization’s definition of maternal morbidity refers to “a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing and/or functioning. Many studies have documented the, mostly negative, effects of maternal i...

    Authors: Jenny A. Cresswell, Kelli D. Barbour, Doris Chou, Affette McCaw-Binns, Veronique Filippi, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, Maria Barreix, Max Petzold, Nenad Kostanjsek, Sara Cottler-Casanova and Lale Say

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:518

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Metformin use in pregnancy is controversial because metformin crosses the placenta and the safety on the fetus has not been well-established. This retrospective study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in wom...

    Authors: Shu-Fu Lin, Shang-Hung Chang, Chang-Fu Kuo, Wan-Ting Lin, Meng-Jiun Chiou and Yu-Tung Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  43. It has been proposed that pregnant women and their fetuses may be particularly at risk for poor outcomes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. From the few case series that are available in the literatur...

    Authors: Louise Ronnje, John-Kalle Länsberg, Olga Vikhareva, Stefan R. Hansson, Andreas Herbst and Mehreen Zaigham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:511

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare complication of caesarean delivery and a special type of ectopic pregnancy. Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is an uncommon complication of pregnancy. Early di...

    Authors: Lin-yu Zhou, Xiao-dan Zhu, Jian Jiang and Tian-an Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:508

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Despite ample clinical evidence that gaining excess weight in pregnancy results in negative health outcomes for women and infants, more than half of women in Western industrialized nations gain in excess of na...

    Authors: Meredith Vanstone, Marina Sadik, Sherry Van Blyderveen, Anne Biringer, Wendy Sword, Louis Schmidt and Sarah D. Mcdonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Creatine (Cr), an amino acid derivative, is one of the most important sources of energy acting as both a spatial and temporal energy buffer through its phosphorylated analogue phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatin...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Alessandrì, Francesca Strigini, Giovanni Cioni and Roberta Battini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:506

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Maternal obesity has severe physical impacts such as increased chances of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. However, mental health impacts are given less attention within antenatal care. Evidence suggest...

    Authors: Nafisa Insan, Emma Slack, Nicola Heslehurst and Judith Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Travel time and healthcare financing are critical determinants of the provision of quality maternal health care in low resource settings. Despite the availability of pregnancy-related mHealth and smart travel ...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Israel Mbekezeli Dabengwa, Liberty Makacha, Newton Nyapwere, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Laurine Chikoko, Marianne Vidler and Prestige Tatenda Makanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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