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Table 1 Maternal characteristics in the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort, Brazil

From: Agreement of antenatal care indicators from self-reported questionnaire and the antenatal care card of women in the 2015 Pelotas birth cohort, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

CharacteristicsMothers with ANC and card (n = 3923) n (%)Mothers without ANC or card (n = 346) n (%)Chi-squared test p value
Age (years)
 ≤ 19565 (90.0)63 (10.0)0.144
 20–291.878 (92.7)147 (7.3) 
 30–391.365 (91.6)125 (8.4) 
 ≥ 40115 (91.3)11 (8.7) 
Maternal education (complete years of schooling)
 0–4337 (85.5)57 (14.5)<0.001
 5–8985 (89.7)113 (10.3) 
 9–111.388 (94.9)75 (5.1) 
 12 +1.213 (92.3)101 (7.7) 
Marital status
 Without partner535 (86.4)84 (13.6)<0.001
 With partner3.388 (92.8)262 (7.2) 
Skin color
 White2.824 (92.5)230 (7.5)0.086
 Black586 (90.2)64 (9.8) 
 Other513 (90.8)52 (9.2) 
Family income (quintiles)
 Lowest/first759 (88.5)99 (11.5) 
 Second784 (91.8)70 (8.2)<0.001
 Third802 (93.6)55 (6.4) 
 Fourth803 (93.7)54 (6.3) 
 Highest/fifth774 (91.9)68 (8.1) 
Type of delivery
 Normal1.378 (91.2)133 (8.8)0.217
 C-section2.545 (92.3)213 (7.7) 
Parity
 Primiparous1.977 (93.5)137 (6.5)<0.001
 ≥ 2 children1.945 (90.3)209 (9.7) 
ANC consultation by same professional
 Yes2.074 (93.4)147 (6.6)0.059
 No1.849 (94.8)102 (5.2) 
Type of health care provider
 Public1.372 (98.6)20 (1.4)0.175
 Private1.203 (97.6)30 (2.4) 
 Others472 (97.9)10 (2.1) 
  1. For some variables, the number of subjects does not add up to the total of the subjects included due to missing information