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Table 2 Study factors and antenatal depressive symptoms (EPDS≥13) in South Western Sydney and Sydney Local Health Districts, 2014–2016 (N = 53, 032)

From: Psychosocial and obstetric determinants of women signalling distress during Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) screening in Sydney, Australia

 Complete casesMultiple imputation*
OutcomeParticipantsCases%Unadjusted OR (95%CI)P valueAdjusted OR (95%CI)P valueUnadjusted OR (95%CI)P valueAdjusted OR (95%CI) (a)P value
Antenatal depressive symptoms42,02724965.9        
Maternal age group
 20–34 years39,19922735.81.0 1.0 1.0   
  > 35 years21841567.11.3 (1.1–1.5)0.0081.2 (1.0–1.5)0.1011.3 (1.1–1.5)0.0081.2 (1.0–1.5)0.123
  < 20 years6436710.42.0 (1.5–2.6)< 0.0010.5 (0.2–1.2)0.1232.0 (1.5–2.6)< 0.0010.7 (0.3–1.5)0.320
SES category
 Low16,52912727.71.0< 0.0011.0 1.0 1.0 
 Medium19,3459805.10.6 (0.6–0.7)< 0.0010.8 (0.7–0.9)< 0.0010.6 (0.6–0.7)< 0.0010.8 (0.7–0.9)< 0.001
 High47011553.30.4 (0.3–0.5)< 0.0010.6 (0.4–0.7)< 0.0010.4 (0.3–0.5)< 0.0010.6 (0.4–0.7)< 0.001
CALD group
 No20,6689464.61.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes20,56015107.31.7 (1.6–1.9)< 0.0012.0 (1.8–2.3)< 0.0011.7 (1.6–1.9)< 0.0012.0 (1.8–2.3)< 0.001
Supportive partner
 Yes39,73520375.11.0< 0.0011.0 1.0 1.0 
 No119333728.38.5 (7.4–9.8)< 0.0016.5 (5.3–8.0)< 0.0018.1 (7.0—9.2)< 0.0016.2 (5.0–7.6)< 0.001
Maternal history of childhood abuse
 No38,02019695.21.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes280340814.63.3 (3.0–3.8)< 0.0013.2 (2.6–3.8)< 0.0013.3 (3.0–3-3.8)< 0.0013.1 (2.6–3.8)< 0.001
Psychological IPV
 No40,36722695.61.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes56013724.56.0 (4.9–7.3)< 0.0012.6 (1.8–3.7)< 0.0016.0 (4.9–7.3)< 0.0012.7 (1.9–3.9)< 0.001
Physical IPV
 No40,52922905.71.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes70014220.34.7 (3.9–5.7)< 0.0011.3 (0.9–1.9)0.1504.7 (3.9–5.7)< 0.0011.4 (0.9–1.9)0.097
Pregnancy known to FaCS
 No35,48220095.71.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes74810814.43.1 (2.5–3.8)< 0.0011.3 (0.9–1.8)0.1413.1 (2.5–3.8)< 0.0011.3 (0.9–1.8)0.133
Previous child in OOHC
 No26,42114625.51.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes101511411.22.3 (1.9–2.9)< 0.0011.1 (0.9–1.5)0.3782.3 (1.9–2.9)< 0.0011.2 (0.9–1.6)0.187
Alcohol use in pregnancy
 No40,68823995.91.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes647487.41.3 (1.0–1.8)0.0511.0 (0.6–1.7)0.9471.3 (1.0–1.8)0.0511.2 (0.7–1.8)0.503
Antenatal health problems
 No34,32219375.61.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
 Yes64424517.01.3 (1.2–1.4)< 0.0011.2 (1.0–1.4)0.0731.3 (1.2–1.4)< 0.0011.2 (1.0–1.4)0.057