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Table 1 Background characteristics of study participants by study site

From: Maternal perceptions about caesarean section deliveries and their role in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality in the Upper West Region of Ghana; a cross-sectional study

  Hospital Attended   
Maternal Characteristics Upper West Regional Hospital St Joseph’s Hospital Total P-Value
  N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Number of Antenatal patients 206 (49.5) 210 (50.5) 416 (100)  
Age of Pregnant woman in years     0.831
 19 and below 27 (13.1) 22 (10.5) 49 (11.8)  
 20–24 45 (21.8) 43 (20.5) 88 (21.2)  
 25–29 65 (31.6) 68 (32.4) 133 (32.0)  
 30–34 42 (20.4) 51 (24.3) 93 (22.4)  
 35 and above 27 (13.1) 26 (12.4) 53 (12.7)  
Highest Level of formal Education    0.001
 No formal Education 21 (10.2) 53,925.6) 74 (18.0)  
 Primary School 18 (8.8) 30 (14.5) 48 (11.6)  
 Junior Secondary School 12 (5.9) 37 (17.9) 49 (11.9)  
 Senior Secondary School 40 (19.5) 23 (11.1) 63 (15.3)  
 Vocational / Technical 24 (11.7) 4 (1.9) 28 (6.8)  
 Tertiary 90 (43.9) 59 (28.0) 148 (35.9)  
Occupation     0.004
 Unemployed 43 (20.9) 43 (20.7) 86 (20.7)  
 Trader 32 (15.5) 21 (10.1) 53 (12.8)  
 Artisan 31 (15.1) 36 (17.3) 67 (16.2)  
 Professional 80 (38.8) 52 (25.0) 132 (31.9)  
 Student 13 (6.3) 24 (11.5) 37 (8.9)  
 Other 7 (3.4) 32 (15.4) 39 (9.4)  
Religion     0.001
 Christianity 119 (57.8) 180 (86.5) 299 (72.2)  
 Islam 84 (40.8) 13 (6.3) 97 (23.4)  
 Traditional 3 (1.5) 14 96.7) 17 (4.1)  
 Others 1 (0.5) 1 (0.2)  
Marital Status     0.001
 Never Married 37 (18.5) 7 (3.4) 44 (10.8)  
 Currently Married 106 (53.0) 188 (90.8) 294 (72.2)  
 Co-habiting 48 (24.0) 11 (5.3) 59 (14.5)  
 Widowed 4 (2.0) 1 (0.5) 5 (1.2)  
 Separated 5 (2.5) 5 (1.2)  
Ethnicity     0.001
 Akan 24 (11.8) 10 (4.8) 34 (8.2)  
 Ga/ Dangme 8 (3.9) 1 (0.5) 9 (2.2)  
 Ewe 16 (7.8) 16 (3.9)  
 Northern ethnic groups 149 (73.0) 196 (93.3) 345 (83.3)  
 Non-Ghanaians 7 (3.4) 1 (0.5) 8 (1.9)  
 Others 2 (1.0) 2 (0.5)