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Table 1 Percentage distribution of the selected sample of women aged 15–49 years and Bivariate distribution of adverse pregnancy outcome (APO) by women’s selected socio-demographic, anthropometrics, and clinical characteristics

From: Effects of sanitation practices on adverse pregnancy outcomes in India: a conducive finding from recent Indian demographic health survey

Sample characteristics Sample percentage Population (Total) Percentageof APO
Age   (26,972)  
 15–19 4.17 1125 23.18
 20–24 33.68 9084 19.78
 25–29 35.63 9611 17.25
 30–34 17.57 4739 17.53
 35–39 6.8 1834 18.51
 40–44 2.15 579 18.81
BMI   (23909)  
 Underweight 27.89 6668 21.99
 Normal 57.91 13,846 17.39
 Overweight 14.2 3395 15.33
Parity   (26,972)  
 1 37.66 10,158 19.27
 2 32.53 8773 17.32
 3 + 29.81 8041 18.82
Education   (26,972)  
 No Education 25.96 7002 20.73
 Primary 14.87 4011 20.75
 Secondary 49.39 13,322 18.12
 Higher 9.78 2637 14
Anemia   (26482)  
 Severe 1.18 319 26.43
 Moderate 14.76 3981 20.16
 Mild 39.63 10,688 18.02
 Not Anaemic 42.61 11,494 18.12
Wealth Index   (26,972)  
 Poorest 21.95 5920 20.8
 Poorer 22.71 6124 19.67
 Middle 21.04 5675 18.73
 Richer 19.19 5176 18.36
 Richest 15.12 4077 14.72
Place Of Residence   (26,972)  
 Urban 27 7282 17.46
 Rural 73 19,690 18.92
ANC Visit   (26,972)  
 0 14.64 3948 21.28
 1 5.49 1480 19.71
 2 13.63 3677 19.83
 3+ 66.24 17,867 17.65
Religion   (26,972)  
 Hindu 78.79 21,252 18.74
 Muslim 13.69 3692 17.4
 Others 7.52 2028 16.77
Caste   (26,972)  
 SC 20.75 5597 19.52
 ST 15.75 4249 20.66
 OBC 40.39 10,894 18.08
 Others 23.11 6232 17.38
Access To Toilet   (26,972)  
 No Access 40.47 10,916 20.01
 In House 43.2 11,652 16.72
 Shared Toilet 16.33 4404 19.79
Type Of Toilet   (26,972)  
 No Toilet 40.47 10,916 20.01
 Flush Toilet 43.82 11,818 17.21
 Pit Latrine 8.33 2246 17.5
 Other 7.39 1992 19.75
Availability Of Water   (26,972)  
 No Availability 18.82 5075 20.47
 Available 81.18 21,897 18.05
Availability Of Hand Wash   (26,972)  
 No Availability 40.18 10,837 19.32
 Available 59.82 16,135 17.9
  1. Bold entries are significant values