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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Deceleration of fetal growth rate as alternative predictor for childhood outcomes: a birth cohort study

  Total study-population DG SGA
n = 7959 n = 958 n = 408
Maternal age 29,7 (5,2) 28,9 (5,6) 29,1 (5,7)
Anthropometrics
 Height (cm) 167,2 (7,4) 165,8 (7,1) 164,0 (7,0)
 Weight (kg) 69,3 (13,3) 68,0 (13,0) 63,8 (12,5)
 BMI (kg/m2) 23,8 (19,3 - 33,6) 23,7 (19,0 - 34,1) 22,7 (18,4 - 31,6)
Ethnicity
 Non-Western 3171 (41,7%) 423 (46,6%) 206 (53,4%)
Educational level
 Low 971 (12,2%) 133 (13,9%) 55 (13,5%)
Smoking habits
 Yes - continued 1482 (18,6%) 237 (24,7%) 130 (31,9%)
Folic acid use - Yes (%)    
 No 2382 (29,9%) 340 (35,5%) 151 (37,0%)
 Nulliparous (%) 4470 (56,2%) 610 (63,7%) 289 (70,8%)
 Gestational age at birth (wks) 40,1 (37,0 - 42,0) 39,7 (36,6 - 41,6) 39,9 (35,9 - 41,9)
 Preterm birth < 37 wks (%) 297 (3,7%) 37 (3,9%) 11 (2,7%)
 Birthweight (g) 3412 (560) 2992 (383) 2484 (402)
 Birthweight (percentile) 47,1 (28,7) 21,5 (14,8) 1,72 (1,14)
 Placenta weight (gr) 620 (415–900) 555 (380–769) 480 (300–678)
 Ratio placenta / birthweight 0,19 (0,04) 0,19 (0,04) 0,20 (0,04)
 Pre-eclampsia (%) 157 (2,1%) 36 (4,2%) 32 (8,7%)
 Sex (n, % male) 4005 (50,3%) 477 (49,8%) 222 (54,4%)
  1. Data are represented as n (%) or as the mean (SD) or as the median (90% range)
  2. Decelerated growth (DG) was defined as a decrease in growth of at least 40 percentiles between the second trimester and birth