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Table 3 Reasons for referral and consultation obstetrician among the entire study population (N = 1053)

From: Determinants and underlying causes of frequent attendance in midwife-led care: an exploratory cross-sectional study

Reasons Referral N = 493 (46.8%) Consultation N = 574 (54.5%)
Glucose intolerance 138 (27.9)  
Pregnancy-induced hypertension 70 (14.1) 48 (8.4)
Previous C-section 48 (9.7) 22 (3.8)
Postterme (≥42 weeks)/request for induction 30 (6.1) 35 (6.1)
Breech or other malpresentation 27 (5.5) 17 (3.0)
Less fetal movements 23 (4.6) 81 (14.1)
Intercurrent disease 18 (3.6)  
Small for gestational age 17 (3.4)  
Premature birth 15 (3)  
Suspicion of premature birth   20 (3.5)
Congenital anomaly 12 (2.4) 13 (2.3)
Large for gestational age 11 (2.2)  
Anaemia 11 (2.2) 36 (6.3)
Previous small for gestational age 9 (1.8)  
Placenta problems 6 (1.2)  
Hydramnion 6 (1.2)  
Uterus anomaly/cyst/myomas 5 (1)  
Stillbirth 4 (.8)  
Hyperemesis 3 (.6)  
Fetal distress 2 (.4) 16 (2.8)
Blood loss 2 (.4) 39 (6.8)
Psychiatric diseases 1 (.2)  
Psychiatric problems (POP)   12 (2.1)
Twin pregnancy 1 (.2)  
Abdominal pains   74 (12.9)
Fetal growth control   68 (11.8)
Other, such as cholestasis, maternal heart defects, rheumatism, gastric bypass, pelvic pain 34 (6.9)  
Other, such as pelvic pain, GBS, clotting disorder, vague complaints   93 (19.9)