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Table 10 Mean EMC Scale and sub-scale scores as a function of specific differentiator variables

From: Women’s experiences of maternity care in England: preliminary development of a standard measure

Scale and sub-scale Differentiator   t p 95% CI ES (d) d 95% CI ES Interpretation
Sub-scale scores
 Care appraisal (PR) Ethnicity (N = 169/56): White UK BME       
  10.14 (2.26) 9.55 (2.43) 1.66 0.79 −0.11–1.29 0.26 − 0.05–0.56 Small
 Information (PR) Previous birth (N = 110/115): ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  6.35 (1.73) 6.84 (1.90) 1.98 0.05 −0.96– −0.01 0.27 0.01–0.53 Small
 Antenatal communication (PR) Delivery type (N = 132/93): Normal Non-normal       
  9.70 (2.53) 9.22 (2.58) 2.19 0.03 0.07–1.44 0.30 0.03–0.56 Small
 Continuity (PR) Asked about mental health (N = 32/190): ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  4.38 (2.92) 5.25 (2.30) 1.92 0.06 −1.78–0.02 0.37 −0.01–0.74 Small
 Antenatal checks (PR) Asked about mental health (N = 32/190): ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  5.09 (2.16) 5.67 (1.88) 1.29 0.19 −1.20–0.25 0.25 −0.13–0.62 Small
 Care quality (LB) Ethnicity (N = 169/56): White UK BME       
  23.30 (5.16) 21.20 (6.03) 2.53 0.01 0.46–3.74 0.39 0.08–0.70 Small
 Care needs (LB) Ethnicity (N = 169/56): White UK BME       
  15.17 (4.96) 13.29 (5.49) 2.39 0.02 0.33–3.43 0.37 0.06–0.67 Small
 Adequacy of care (PN) Baby health problems (N = 196/27): ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  11.67 (5.23) 10.11 (3.88) 1.85 0.07 −0.11–3.22 0.38 −0.03–0.78 Small
 Health professional communication (PN) Baby health problems (N = 196/27): ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  12.17 (4.10) 10.30 (3.41) 2.61 < 0.01 0.46–3.29 0.54 0.13–0.94 Medium
 Individualised care (PN) Baby health problems (N = 196/27): ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  12.91 (4.26) 11.07 (2.97) 2.84 < 0.01 0.56–3.12 0.58 0.18–0.99 Medium
Total scale scores
 Pregnancy scale total score Asked about mental health: ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  35.00 (8.85) 37.25 (8.18) 1.42 0.16 −5.37–0.87 0.27 −0.11–0.65 Small
 Labour & birth scale total score Ethnicity: White UK BME       
  38.46 (9.51) 34.48 (10.76) 2.62 < 0.01 0.99–6.97 0.40 0.10–0.71 Small
 Postnatal scale total score Baby health problems: ‘No’ ‘Yes’       
  36.76 (12.27) 31.48 (8.41) 2.87 < 0.01 1.65–8.90 0.59 0.18–1.00 Medium