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Table 2 Complications of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes for women with any type of diabetes, or without diabetes in Kronoberg

From: Obstetric and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by diabetes, and control pregnancies, in Kronoberg, Sweden

Pregnancy outcomes T1DM T2DM P PDM GDM P Diabetes No Diabetes P
N 37 11   48 97   145 135  
Caesarian section (CS) 15 (41%) 5 (46%) 0.16 20 (42%) 24 (25%) 0.03 44 (30%) 25 (19%) 0.05 a 0.0001
Preeclampsia 7 (19%) 3 (27%) 0.68 10 (21%) * * * 10 (7%) 0.15a
Birth < 37 weeks gestation 13 (35%) 5 (46%) 0.15 18 (38%) 12 (12%) 0.001 30 (21%) 8 (6%) 0.0001
Large for gestational age (LGA) 22 (60%) 3 (27%) 0.15 25 (52%) 13 (13%) 0.0001 38 (26%) 23 (17%) 0.06
Birth weight > 4500 g 1 (2.7%) 1 (9%) 0.38 2 (4.3%) 6 (6.3%) 1.0 8 (5.6%) 7 (5.2%) 1.0
APGAR score < 7 (at 5th min after delivery) 6 (16%) 2 (18%) 1.0 8 (17%) 4 (4.1%) 0.02 12 (8.3%) 4 (3.0%) 0.07
Neonatal hypoglycemia 12 (32%) 1 (9%) 0.07 13 (27%) * * * * *
Congenital malformations 1 (2.7%) 2 (18%) 0.08 3 (6.3%) * * * 4 (2.9%) 0.06a
Perinatal/intrauterine mortality 0 (0%) 1 (9%) 0.23 3 (6.3%) * * * * *
Shoulder dystocia 1 (2.7%) 0 (0%) 0.16 1 (2.1%) * * * 3 (2.2%) 0.24a
  1. T1DM: type1 diabetes mellitus, T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus, PDM: pregestational diabetes mellitus, GDM: gestational diabetes mellitus
  2. *Information regarding preeclampsia, neonatal hypoglycemia, congenital malformations, perinatal/intrauterine mortality and shoulder dystocia was not available for the GDM group. Figures are n (%). aComparison PDM vs no diabetes