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Table 4 Resource use in second year post-discharge from delivery visit hospitalisation among PTL/PTB mothers, by GA

From: Short and long-term costs among women experiencing preterm labour or preterm birth: the German experience

  Second year post discharge
< 28 weeks 28–36 weeks ≥37 weeks All
Rate (95% CI) Rate (95% CI) Rate (95% CI) Rate (95% CI)
Outpatient care
 Quarters with a GP visit 1.0 (0.5–1.7) 1.4 (1.3–1.6) 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.4 (1.3–1.5)
 Quarters with a gynaecological visit 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.9 (0.8–1.0) 0.9 (0.9–1.0)
 Quarters with a specialist visit 2.4 (1.9–3.0) 2.1 (2.0–2.3) 2.0 (1.9–2.1) 2.1 (2.0–2.1)
 Pregnancy/labour proceduresb 0.4 (0.1–2.2) 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.4 (0.3–0.6) 0.4 (0.3–0.5)
 Laboratory tests 11.4 (5.5–23.6) 9.4 (7.9–11.3) 7.0 (6.2–7.8) 7.9 (7.1–8.7)
 Diagnostic tests 3.0 (1.8–5.2) 3.0 (2.7–3.5) 2.8 (2.5–3.0) 2.9 (2.7–3.1)
 Therapeutic proceduresc 7.7 (2.7–22.6) 1.6 (1.3–2.1) 1.2 (1.1–1.5) 1.5 (1.3–1.7)
 Preventative procedures 1.7 (1.0–2.7) 1.8 (1.6–2.1) 1.7 (1.6–1.9) 1.8 (1.7–1.9)
 Basic procedures 13.8 (9.7–19.6) 11.4 (10.3–12.6) 9.9 (9.3–10.7) 10.5 (9.9–11.1)
 Prescribed medications 4.0 (2.5–6.4) 3.2 (2.8–3.7) 2.6 (2.4–2.9) 2.8 (2.6–3.1)
Inpatient care
 All-cause hospitalisations 0.3 (0.2–0.7) 0.2 (0.1–0.2) 0.1 (0.1–0.1) 0.1 (0.1–0.2)
 Pregnancy/labour proceduresd a 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
 Diagnostic tests 0.3 (0.1–1.2) 0.1 (0.0–0.2) 0.0 (0.0–0.1) 0.1 (0.0–0.1)
 Therapeutic procedurese 0.1 (0.0–0.5) 0.1 (0.1–0.2) 0.1 (0.1–0.2) 0.1 (0.1–0.2)
Other servicesf
 Remedy services 0.2 (0.0–1.5) 0.1 (0.1–0.2) 0.1 (0.1–0.1) 0.1 (0.1–0.1)
 Medical device services 0.1 (0.0–0.8) 0.2 (0.2–0.3) 0.1 (0.1–0.1) 0.2 (0.1–0.2)
 Midwife services a 0.1 (0.1–0.1) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.1 (0.1–0.1)
 Driving services 0.1 (0.0–0.8) 0.1 (0.1–0.1) 0.1 (0.0–0.1) 0.1 (0.1–0.1)
 Other 0.1 (0.0–0.8) 0.2 (0.2–0.3) 0.2 (0.2–0.2) 0.2 (0.2–0.2)
  1. aModel did not converge
  2. bAny physician group excluding general practitioner and gynaecologist
  3. cExamples of outpatient therapeutic procedures: Infusion, substitute assisted treatment for opiate addicts, verbal intervention in psychosomatic disease states; examples of preventative procedures: basic services for specialists, cytological examination (cancer screening), examination for early detection of cancer in women; examples of basic procedures include: personal physician-patient contact, shipping for materials, transport and transfer results, charge for dispatch of transport letters/written materials
  4. dThis excluded subsequent pregnancies resulting in live births, but could include procedures such as abortions or procedures not resulting in live births
  5. eExamples of inpatient therapeutic procedures include: reconstruction of cervix, preventative measures (e.g., education and basic training), monitoring (respiratory, cardiac, circulatory)
  6. fNote that other services include: Remedies (e.g., physiotherapy, massage, manual therapy, occupational therapy); Medical devices (e.g., measurement devices, medical devices, inhalation devices); Midwife services (e.g., antenatal preparation, home visits after birth); Driving services (e.g., ambulance service, patient transportation); Other (e.g., household help, home care necessary for medical treatment)
  7. Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; GA = gestational age; GP = general practitioner; PTB = preterm birth; PTL = preterm labour