Skip to main content

Table 2 Maternal, labor and neonatal outcomes following induction of labour with misoprostol and Foley versus misoprostol alone

From: Effect of extra-amniotic Foley’s catheter and vaginal misoprostol versus vaginal misoprostol alone on cervical ripening and induction of labor in Kenya, a randomized controlled trial

  Combination
(Extra-amniotic Foley’s catheter and Vaginal misoprostol)
N = 90
Vaginal misoprostol alone
N = 90
RR (95% CI) P value
  n (%) n (%)   
Failed induction     
 No 82 (91.1) 80 (89.9) 1.0 (Reference)  
 Yes 8 (8.9) 10 (11.1) 0.80 (0.33–1.93) 0.619
Number of doses of misoprostol administered     
 One (n = 90) 90 (100) 90 (100) 1.0 (Reference)  
 Two (n = 90) 60 (66.7) 80 (88.9) 0.75 (0.63–0.88) < 0.001*
 Three (n = 90) 24 (26.7) 42 (46.7) 0.57 (0.38–0.86) 0.005*
 Four (n = 90) 8 (8.9) 16 (17.8) 0.50 (0.23–1.11) 0.079
Mode of delivery     
 Vaginal 72 (80.0) 76 (84.4) 1.0 (Reference)  
 Cesarean section 18 (20.0) 14 (15.6) 1.29 (0.68–2.42) 0.435
Maternal complications     
 None 86 (95.6) 82 (91.1) 1.0 (Reference)  
 Postpartum hemorrhage 3 (3.3) 4 (4.4) 0.75 (0.17–3.26) 0.707
 Uterine hyper stimulation 1 (1.1) 3 (3.3) 0.33 (0.01–4.16) 0.315
 Uterine rupture 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) NA NA
Neonatal complications     
 Admission to NICU 15 (16.7) 17 (18.9) 0.86 (0.37–1.98) 0.697
 Five minute APGAR score < 7 7 (7.8) 6 (6.7) 1.18 (0.32–4.44) 0.773
 Prematurity 8 (8.9) 11 (12.2) 1.43 (0.55–3.73) 0.468
  1. RR relative risk CI confidence interval, *Statistically significant differences, NICU neonatal intensive care unit, NA not applicable