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Table 2 Baseline and pregnancy related characteristics and labour outcomes for planned place of birth of women in the primary care setting at the start of labour

From: Satisfaction with caregivers during labour among low risk women in the Netherlands: the association with planned place of birth and transfer of care during labour

  Planned home birth Planned hospital birth p-value
n = 1329 n = 829  
Baseline characteristics
 Parity, n (%)    < 0.001
  Primiparous 577 (42.1) 414 (49.9)  
  Multiparous 795 (57.9) 415 (50.1)  
 Gestational age, n (%)    0.19
  37 weeks 38 (2.8) 33 (4.0)  
  38–40 weeks 1064 (77.6) 648 (77.6)  
  41 weeks 270 (19.7) 148 (17.9)  
 Maternal age, n (%)    0.02
   < 25 years 105 (7.7) 74 (9.3)  
  25–35 years 1040 (75.8) 583 (70.3)  
   > 35 years 227 (16.5) 172 (20.7)  
 Ethnic background, n (%)    < 0.001
  Dutch 1244 (90.9) 645 (78.1)  
  Western background 74 (5.4) 87 (10.5)  
  Non-western background 51 (3.7) 94 (11.4)  
 Socioeconomic position, n (%)    0.57
  1st tertile 353 (25.8) 228 (27.7)  
  2nd tertile 645 (47.2) 386 (46.8)  
  3rd tertile 369 (27.0) 210 (25.5)  
Maternal outcomes and interventions
 Experience of labour pain, mean (sd)    
  first stage 7.2 (2.0) 7.7 (1.9) < 0.001
  second stage 6.9 (2.2) 7.2 (2.2) 0.001
 General rating of care by caregiver, mean (sd) 9.1 (1.1) 8.9 (1.3) 0.001
 Quality of treatment, mean (sd) 3.9 (0.3) 3.8 (0.4) < 0.001
 Transfer during labour, n (% referred) 435 (31.7) 390 (47.0) < 0.001
 Medical pain reliefa, n (% yes) 141 (10.3) 184 (22.4) < 0.001
 Instrumental/ operative delivery, n (%)    0.02
  Vacuum−/ forceps extraction 123 (9.0) 99 (12.0)  
  Secondary caesarean section 48 (3.5) 39 (4.7)  
 Augmentation, n (% yes) 205 (14.9) 171 (20.7) 0.001
Neonatal outcomes
 Apgar score < 7, n (%) 8 (0.6) 7 (0.8) 0.47
 Complications directly postpartum, n (%) 21 (1.6) 14 (1.8) 0.72
  1. Missings: maternal age n = 1; ethnic background n = 10; socioeconomic position n = 10; general rating of care by caregiver n = 28; CQ index score n = 2
  2. aMedicinal pain relief includes epidural (193), remiphentanyl (87) and opioids (86)