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Table 3 Social support and women’s attitude on domestic violence related characteristics and its association with domestic violence during current pregnancy

From: Domestic violence among antenatal attendees in a Kathmandu hospital and its associated factors: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Number = 404 (%) Experience of domestic violence p value Crude OR (95% CI)
No Yes
Natal family for help/support
 Yes 362 (89.6) 260 (88.4) 102 (92.7)   Ref
 No 42 (10.4) 34 (11.6) 8 (7.3) 0.212 0.60 (0.27–1.34)
Friend for help/support
 Yes 287 (71.0) 220 (74.8) 67 (60.9)   Ref
 No 117 (29) 74 (25.2) 43 (39.1) 0.006* 1.91 (1.20–3.04)
Member of any community group/organization
 Yes 90 (22.3) 74 (25.2) 16 (14.5)   Ref
 No 314 (77.7) 220 (74.8) 94 (85.5) 0.024* 1.98 (1.09–3.57)
Women’s attitude towards wife beating
 Not accepting 187 (46.3) 149 (50.7) 38 (34.5)   Ref
 Partially accepting (1–3) 193 (47.8) 132 (44.9) 61 (55.5) 0.013* 1.81 (1.14–2.89)
 Highly accepting (4–7) 24 (5.9) 13 (4.4) 11 (10.0) 0.007* 3.32 (1.38–7.99)
Women’s attitude in refusal of sex
 Completely refuse (3 matters) 385 (95.3) 284 (96.6) 101 (91.8)   Ref
 Doesn’t refuse at all/Partially refuse (1–2 matters) 19 (4.7) 10 (3.4) 9 (8.2) 0.062 2.53 (1.00–6.41)
  1. Ref = Reference
  2. * = p value <0.05