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Table 2 Characteristics of pregnant women’s husband and its association with domestic violence during current pregnancy

From: Domestic violence among antenatal attendees in a Kathmandu hospital and its associated factors: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Number = 404 (%) Experience of domestic violence p value Crude OR (95% CI)
No Yes
Age of husband
  < 25 55 (13.6) 28 (9.5) 27 (24.5)   Ref
 25–34 283 (70.1) 218 (74.1) 65 (59.1) <0.001* 0.31 (0.17–0.56)
  ≥ 35 66 (16.3) 48 (16.3) 18 (16.4) 0.014* 0.39 (0.18–0.83)
Education of husband
 Literate 395 (97.8) 291 (99.0) 104 (94.5)   Ref
 Illiterate 9 (2.2) 3 (1.0) 6 (5.5) 0.016* 5.60 (1.38–22.78)
Occupation of husband
 Unemployed 14 (3.5) 11 (3.7) 3 (2.7)   Ref
 Employed 390 (96.5) 283 (96.3) 107 (97.3) 0.621 1.39 (0.38–5.07)
Alcohol consumption by husband      
 No 188 (46.5) 149 (50.7) 39 (35.5)   Ref
 Yes 216 (53.5) 145 (49.3) 71 (64.5) 0.007* 1.87 (1.19–2.94)
Extramarital relationship of husband
 No 365 (90.3) 273 (92.9) 92 (83.6)   Ref
 Yes 14 (3.5) 3 (1.0) 11 (10.0) <0.001* 10.88 (2.97–39.86)
 Don’t know 25 (6.2) 18 (6.1) 7 (6.4) 0.756 1.15 (0.47–2.85)
Husband’s controlling behaviour
 No 206 (51.0) 172 (58.5) 34 (30.9)   Ref
 Yes 198 (49.0) 122 (41.5) 76 (69.1) <0.001* 3.15 (1.98–5.02)
  1. Ref = Reference
  2. * = p value <0.05