Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-cultural and economic characteristics of women by form of delivery in the last 6 months

From: The influence of travel time on emergency obstetric care seeking behavior in the urban poor of Bangladesh: a GIS study

Variables [units] All deliveriesa Home deliveriesa Facility deliveriesa
Any type Public NGO Private
Travel time [min]
 To nearest public facility 15.6 16.4 15.3** 14.9** 16.5 14.0*
 To nearest NGO facility 15.0 15.6 14.6*** 14.5 13.7** 14.5
 To nearest private facility 11.0 11.6 10.2*** 10.8 10.7 8.3***
Sociocultural factors
 Age [years] 24.9 (15–45)b 24.9 24.8 25.4 24.1 25.4
 Age at first birth [years] 19.4 (12–35)b 18.7 20.3*** 20.7*** 19.3 21.4***
 Religion [%] 83.7 90.5 73.2*** 74.2*** 75.9*** 67.3***
 Mother’s education [%] 68.3 57.0 82.9*** 79.6*** 80.5*** 92.7***
Perceived benefit/need
 Access to media [%] 85.0 81.9 88.9** 87.1 87.4 94.5**
 Pregnancy wanted [%] 63.0 61.6 64.4 71.0 51.7* 74.5*
 Antenatal care use [%] 82.2 72.0 95.0*** 96.8*** 90.8*** 100.0***
 Birth order [#] 2.3 (0–8)b 2.5 1.86*** 1.8*** 2.1 1.6***
 Previous stillbirth [%] 9.5 8.8 11.0 8.6 11.5 12.7
Economic accessibility
 Per-capita income [1000BDT] 2.3 (0.1–17)b 1.9 2.7*** 2.9*** 2.3** 3.0***
 [US$] 29.7 (0.8–215)b 24.5 34.8*** 37.4*** 29.6*** 38.7***
 Mother’s occupation [%] 12.3 11.0 14.0 18.5* 10.3 12.7
Delivery Service Use   56.5 43.5 17.2 16.1 10.2
Sample size: 514 mothers
  1. Bold text indicate values statistically significant to better than p < 0.1
  2. * p < 0.1; ** p < 0.05; *** p < 0.01, ANalysis Of VAriance (ANOVA) p-values indicating whether the mean values for each delivery group are statistically different (higher or lower) relatively to the home delivery group
  3. aAverage values of each respective variable in each delivery group
  4. bFor numerical variables, the range of values in the sample is also indicated
  5. Reference categories: Mother’s occupation - participated in wage employment in the 4 weeks previous to survey (1), 0 otherwise; Mother’s education - received any (1) or no (0) formal education in school or madrasa; Religion - Muslim (1), all other religions (0); Access to media - daily, weekly or infrequent access to at least one media channel (either newspaper, radio or television) (1), 0 otherwise; Antenatal care use - received at least one check-up during pregnancy (1), 0 otherwise; Previous still birth and pregnancy wanted - positive (1) or negative (0) answers