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Table 4 Association between possible risk factors and exposure to DV during pregnancy in late pregnancy (n = 17)

From: Prevalence and incidence of domestic violence during pregnancy and associated risk factors: a longitudinal cohort study in the south of Sweden

Variables Model I Model II Model III Model IV Model V Model VI Model VII Model VIII
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Single/living apart a 18.0 (6.4–51.0) 9.2 (2.9–29.6) 7.9 (2.4–25.5) 8.4 (2.5–28.0) 8.5 (2.4–29.8) 7.2 (2.0–26.2) 8.2 (2.1–32.0) 8.4 (2.2–32.6)
EDS ≥13 b   9.9 (3.3–29.4) 5.4 (1.7–17.5) 3.5 (1.0–12.6) 3.5 (1.0–12.7) 3.6 (1.0–12.7) 3.7 (1.0–13.2) 3.8 (1.1–13.6)
Low score SOC c    3.8 (1.0–13.6) 3.4 (0.9–12.3) 3.4 (0.9–12.7) 3.2 (0.9–12.0) 3.3 (0.9–12.2) 3.3 (0.9–12.3)
Lack of sleep d     3.8 (1.1–12.5) 3.8 (1.1–12.6) 4.0 (1.2–13.2) 3.9 (1.2–13.3) 3.8 (1.1–12.9)
Financial distress e      1.0 (0.3–3.7) 0.8 (0.2–3.2) 0.8 (0.2–3.2) 0.8 (0.2–3.2)
Low educational status f       2.0 (0.6–6.4) 2.2 (0.7–7.2) 2.2 (0.6–7.1)
Unintended pregnancy g        0.7 (0.2–2.7) 0.8 (0.2–2.8)
Age h         1.2 (0.2–6.0)
  1. a Single/living apart versus cohabiting (reference category)
  2. b EDS ≥13, indicating having a risk of depression versus not ≤13 (reference category)
  3. c Low score SOC indicating inability to use their own resources to maintain and improve their health in stressful situations versus medium-high score (reference category)
  4. d Lack of sleep versus adequate sleep (reference category)
  5. e Financial distress versus no financial distress (reference category)
  6. f High school or less versus more than high school (reference category)
  7. g Unintended versus intended pregnancy (reference category)
  8. h Age 18–34 versus age ≥35 years (reference category)