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Table 1 The prevalence of newborn with congenital malformations by country per 1000 livebirths

From: Are hypertensive disorders in pregnancy associated with congenital malformations in offspring? Evidence from the WHO Multicountry cross sectional survey on maternal and newborn health

WHO Region Country Hospitals Live births Neur.tube/CNS defects Cardiac defects Renal defects Limb defects Lip/cleft/palate defects Chromosomal syndrome Total congenital defects
AFR Angola 20 10 072 0 0 1 0.1 0 0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 4 0.4
  DR Congo 21 8 525 5 0.6 1 0.1 0 0 6 0.7 2 0.2 1 0.1 15 1.7
  Kenya 20 20 057 30 1.5 6 0.3 2 0.1 55 2.7 18 0.9 11 0.5 122 6.1
  Niger 11 10 714 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0.2 0 0 0 0 2 0.2
  Nigeria 21 12 094 8 0.7 2 0.2 2 0.2 4 0.3 4 0.3 1 0.1 21 1.7
  Uganda 20 10 626 1 0.1 0 0 0 0 10 0.9 2 0.2 1 0.1 14 1.3
  Total 113 72 088 44 0.6 10 0.1 4 0.1 78 1.1 27 0.4 15 0.2 178 2.5
AMR Argentina 14 9 851 14 1.4 25 2.5 8 0.8 10 1.0 5 0.5 14 1.4 76 7.7
  Brazil 7 7 093 6 0.8 5 0.7 3 0.4 6 0.8 7 1.0 6 0.8 33 4.6
  Ecuador 18 10 124 2 0.2 14 1.4 2 0.2 4 0.4 3 0.3 8 0.8 31 3.1
  Mexico 14 13 312 31 2.3 39 2.9 18 1.3 33 2.5 12 0.9 13 1.0 146 11.0
  Nicaragua 8 6 488 11 1.7 6 0.9 3 0.5 12 1.8 8 1.2 7 1.1 47 7.2
  Paraguay 6 3 626 2 0.6 4 1.1 2 0.6 1 0.3 0 0 1 0.3 10 2.7
  Peru 16 15 203 28 1.8 126 8.3 14 0.9 31 2.0 22 1.4 40 2.6 277 18.2
  Total 83 65 697 94 1.4 219 3.3 50 0.8 97 1.5 57 0.9 89 1.3 606 9.2
EMR Afghanistan 8 24 478 25 1.0 0 0 2 0.1 5 0.2 4 0.2 2 0.1 38 1.5
  Jordan 1 1 197 3 2.5 7 5.8 3 2.5 2 1.7 6 5.0 3 2.5 24 20.0
  Lebanon 9 4 118 9 2.2 21 5.1 3 0.7 0 0 1 0.2 3 0.7 37 9.0
  OPT 1 975 10 10.2 24 24.6 11 11.3 8 8.2 1 1.0 3 3.1 57 58.5
  Pakistan 16 12 889 38 2.9 7 0.5 13 1.0 20 1.6 13 1.0 4 0.3 95 7.4
  Qatar 1 4 000 4 1.0 13 3.3 9 2.2 2 0.5 2 0.5 4 1.0 34 8.5
  Total 36 48 657 89 1.8 72 1.5 41 0.8 37 0.8 27 0.5 19 0.4 285 5.8
SEAR India 21 30 399 34 1.1 14 0.5 19 0.6 29 0.9 11 0.4 7 0.2 114 3.7
  Nepal 8 11 117 8 0∙7 3 0.3 0 0 2 0.2 4 0.4 1 0.1 18 1.6
  Sri Lanka 14 18 162 22 1.2 88 4.8 10 0.6 75 4.1 32 1.8 24 1.3 251 13.8
  Thailand 12 8 976 13 1.5 17 1.9 5 0.6 5 0.6 17 1.9 7 0.8 64 7.1
  Total 55 68 654 77 1.1 122 1.8 34 0.5 111 1.6 64 0.9 39 0.6 447 6.5
WPR Cambodia 5 4 691 0 0 2 0.4 0 0 2 0.4 2 0.4 1 0.2 7 1.5
  China 21 13 395 3 0.2 22 1.6 2 0.1 23 1.7 14 1.0 0 0 64 4.8
  Japan 10 3 566 2 0.6 35 9.8 2 0.6 5 1.4 8 2.2 7 2.0 59 16.5
  Mongolia 5 7 385 1 0.1 6 0.8 0 0 5 0.7 2 0.3 2 0.3 16 2.2
  Philippines 16 10 711 9 0.8 1 0.1 1 0.1 6 0.6 9 0.8 1 0.1 27 2.5
  Viet Nam 15 15 557 3 0.2 5 0.3 2 0.1 3 0.2 2 0.1 2 0.1 17 1.1
  Total 72 55 305 18 0.3 71 1.3 7 0.1 44 0.8 37 0.7 13 0.2 190 3.4
Overall Countries 359 310 401 322 1.0 494 1.6 136 0.4 367 1.2 212 0.7 175 0.6 1 706 5.5