Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Bivariate baseline comparisons between women who initiated breast feeding and those who did not (N = 716)

From: Determinants of breastfeeding initiation and cessation among employed mothers: a prospective cohort study

Demographics and personal characteristics Initiated breastfeeding (N = 580) Did not initiate breastfeeding (N = 136) P-value
Age at delivery, y    
 Mean (SD) 30.15(5.28) 28.82(5.16) 0.008
Marital Status    
N (%)    <0.001
 Married 443(84.5) 81(15.5)  
 Partnered 94(80.3) 23(19.7)  
 Single 43(57.3) 32(42.7)  
Educational Status    
N (%)    <0.001
 High School or Less 104(66.2) 53(33.8)  
 2-year College/Technical 182(79.8) 46(20.2)  
 College Graduate 214(86.3) 34(13.7)  
 Graduate School 80(96.4) 3(3.6)  
Race    
N (%)    <0.001
 White 510(82.9) 105(17.1)  
 Non-White 70(69.3) 31(30.7)  
Household Income ($)    
 Mean (SD) 74,510.35(38,687.18) 59,934.49(32,599.82) <0.001
Occupation    
N (%)    <0.001
 Blue Collar 70(69.3) 31(30.7)  
 Clerical 209(75.5) 68(24.5)  
 Professional 297(89.5) 35(10.5)  
Total # hours worked    0.454
 Mean (SD) 37.97(8.68) 38.58(7.96)  
Employer Provides Paid Leave Policy    
N (%)    0.040
 No 119(75.3) 39(24.7)  
 Yes 455(82.6) 96(17.4)  
Supervisor Support    
N (%)    0.462
 Somewhat/Strongly Agree 524(81.4) 120(18.6)  
 Somewhat/Strongly Disagree 56(77.8) 16(22.2)  
Coworker Support    
N (%)    0.738
 Somewhat/Strongly Agree 569(80.9) 134(19.1)  
 Somewhat/Strongly Disagree 11(84.6) 2(15.4)  
Parity Status    
N (%)    0.002
 Multiparous 294(76.8) 89(23.2)  
 Primiparous 286(85.9) 47(14.1)  
Had Prenatal Moods    
N (%)    0.886
 Yes 269(80.8) 64(19.2)  
 No 311(81.2) 72(18.8)  
Smoked Prenatally    
N (%)    <0.001
 Yes 58(59.8) 39(40.2)  
 No 522(84.3) 97(15.7)  
Delivery Hospital    
N (%)    0.974
 St. John 262(81.4) 60(18.6)  
 North Memorial 231(80.8) 55(19.2)  
 St. Joseph 87(80.6) 21(19.4)  
Breastfeeding by Family and Friends    
N (%)    <0.001
 Yes 519(85.5) 88(14.5)  
 No 61(56.0) 48(44.0)  
Had Breastfeeding Problems    
N (%)    <0.001
 Yes 19(50.0) 19(50.0)  
 No 561(82.7) 117(17.3)  
Pre-pregnancy health    
N (%)    0.469
 Fair/Poor 13(72.2) 5(27.8)  
 Good 112(78.9) 30(21.1)  
 Very Good 250(80.4) 61(19.6)  
 Excellent 205(83.7) 40(16.3)  
  1. Note. P-values are presented for chi-square statistics and t-tests; alpha <0.05 was used