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Table 3 Association between utilization of motorcycle ambulances by pregnant women and socio-demographic characteristics

From: Factors associated with utilization of motorcycle ambulances by pregnant women in rural eastern Uganda: a cross-sectional study

  Used mA    
Variable Yes n (%) No n (%) Unadjusted OR 95 % CI p
Age group      
 15–24 67 (35.5) 120 (59.4) 1.0 (ref)   
 25–34 79 (41.8) 68 (33.7) 2.1 1.34–3.23 0.001*
 35+ 43 (22.8) 14 (6.9) 5.50 2.81–10.78 0.001*
Religion      
 Anglican 77 (40.7) 93 (46.0) 1.0 (ref)   
 Catholic 46 (24.3) 29 (14.4) 1.92 1.10–3.33 0.021*
 Muslims 45 (23.8) 63 (31.2) 0.86 0.53–1.40 0.553
 Other Christians 21 (11.1) 17 (8.4) 1.49 0.74–3.03 0.267
Tribe      
 Other Tribe 21 (11.1) 48 (23.8) 1.0 (ref)   
 Bagisu 168 (88.9) 154 (76.2) 2.49 1.43–4.35 0.001*
Marital status      
 Others 10 (5.29) 19 (9.4) 1.0 (ref)   
 Married, Living together 179 (94.7) 183 (90.6) 1.86 0.84–4.11 0.126**
Sharing birth plan with husband      
 No 16 (8.5) 51 (25.3) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 173 (91.5) 151 (74.8) 3.65 2.0–6.67 0.001*
Husband participation in using mA      
 No 49 (25.9) 115 (56.9) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 140 (74.1) 87 (43.1) 3.78 2.46–5.80 0.001*
Would consult HW first before using mA      
 No 149 (78.8) 121 (59.9) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 40 (21.2) 81 (40.1) 0.40 0.26–0.63 0.001*
Consulted TBA before using mA      
 No 175 (92.6) 171 (84.7) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 14 (7.4) 31 (15.4) 0.44 0.23–0.86 0.016*
mA tends to delay      
 Disagree 144 (76.2) 137 (67.8) 1.0 (ref)   
 Agree 45 (23.8) 65 (32.2) 0.66 0.42–1.02 0.067**
Culture allows a pregnant woman to sit on a motorcycle      
 No 36 (19.1) 27 (13.4) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 153 (90.0) 175 (86.6) 0.66 0.38–1.13 0.127**
ANC visit      
 ≤3 visits 36 (19.1) 63 (31.2) 1.0 (ref)   
 ≥4 visits 153 (81.0) 139 (68.8) 1.93 1.20–3.08 0.006*
Presence of obstetric drugs/ supplies in health facility      
 No 45 (23.8) 30 (14.9) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 144 (76.2) 172 (85.2) 0.56 0.33–0.93 0.025*
Prefer mA to be escorted with midwife      
 Disagree 13 (6.9) 34 (16.8) 1.0 (ref)   
 Agree 176 (93.1) 168 (83.2) 2.74 1.40–5.37 0.003*
Discussed with TBA first before transit      
 No 100 (52.9) 162 (80.2) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 89 (47.1) 40 (19.8) 3.60 2.30–5.65 0.001*
Opinion that drivers’ attitudes are very poor      
 Agree 166 (87.8) 196 (97.0) 1.0 (ref)   
 Disagree 23 (12.2) 6 (3.0) 0.22 0.09–0.56 0.001*
Living far away from HF with mA      
 Disagree 50 (26.5) 78 (38.6) 1.0 (ref)   
 Agree 139 (73.5) 124 (61.4) 1.75 1.14–2.69 0.011*
Opinion that mA drivers have some obstetric skills      
 No 19 (10.1) 40 (19.8) 1.0 (ref)   
 Yes 170 (90) 162 (80.2) 2.21 1.23–3.97 0.008*
  1. ** significant at p < 0.2 , *significant at p < 0.05